Mildred (Babe) Zaharias, who won women's national open golf title after serious cancer operation, was voted Female Athlete of the Year in AP poll.
Rocky Marciano, successful defender of heavyweight championship in two fights with Ezzard Charles, was named Fighter of the Year by Ring Magazine.
Bob Grim, New Yankees pitcher with 20-6 record in first season, was selected American League's Rookie of the Year by Baseball Writers Association of America.
Ted Williams of Boston Red Sox was elected comeback player of year in AP poll.
Lou Groza, Cleveland Browns' star placement-kicker, was chosen National Football League's Most Valuable Player by The Sporting News.
Art Luppino, University of Arizona halfback who set modern college one-season scoring record of 166 points, was picked for Nils (Swede) Nelson sportsmanship award by Gridiron Club of Boston.
Ed Furgol, U.S. Open champion from Clayton, Mo., was named winner of Ben Hogan Trophy, given annually by Metropolitan (N.Y.) Golf Writers Association to golfer who has overcome physical handicap.
Bill Mihalo, professional walker from Detroit who breaks record almost every time he competes, set new world mark of 35:01 for five miles at Los Angeles.
Wayne Oakley, Hanson High School senior, scored 114 points against St. Agnes for new Kentucky scholastic basketball record at Hanson, Ky. Oakley made 47 field goals, 20 free throws.
Kentucky swept past Utah 70-65, La Salle 63-54 to win own tournament at Lexington, Ky., remained No. 1 in AP poll. Wildcats came from behind in last eight minutes to beat tough Utah, took early lead, made it stand up against La Salle in final. Phil Grawemeyer, Bob Burrow, Billy Evans were key scorers as Kentucky stretched winning streak to 30 straight. Southern California upset Utah 54-52 on Dick Welsh's driving lay-up with seven seconds to play for consolation trophy after losing to La Salle and Tom Gola 49-38 in opening game.
San Francisco pulled major surprise, trounced George Washington 73-57 to take All-College tournament at Oklahoma City. Bill Russell, 6 ft. 9 in. center, got 23 points for Dons, was named most valuable player.
Quantico Marines trailed by 14 points in first half but rallied to whip Washington & Jefferson 69-58 in final of own Christmas Invitation tournament.
Duquesne won fourth game in five starts, rolled over St. Francis (Pa.) 71-58 despite 22 points by Maurice Stokes. Mickey Winograd paced winners with 24 points, had help from Si Green and Dick Ricketts.
Tulane broke 60-60 tie in final three minutes, went on to hand Stanford first loss 67-62. Jim Nowakowski and Hal Cervini each scored 17 to top Green Wave.
North Carolina State's unbeaten Wolfpack nosed out St. John's 76-75 in overtime for ninth straight. Smaller New Yorkers outhustled State off boards but couldn't cope with 6 ft. 10 in. Cliff Dwyer and 6 ft. 9 in. Ronnie Shavlik in extra session.
Loyola of New Orleans bottled up George BonSalle, used fast break, zone defense, last-minute freeze to knock Illinois out of unbeaten class 72-66 after Illini trimmed Rice 86-54. Eddie Galvin paced keyed-up Loyola with 22 points.
Louisville averaged 53% on shots, trounced Oregon 101-72 in free-shooting game. Charley Tyra was hottest Cardinal with 22 points, 17 in second half.
Duke got first-half scare from Pittsburgh, rammed home 55 points in last two periods to win 90-68. High-scoring Blue Devils were led by Ronnie Mayer, who tallied 30 points before home-town fans.
Houston outlasted Missouri in double-overtime thriller, won 84-76 on accuracy from free-throw line. Jack Foster and Don Boldebuck, 7 ft. center, were stars for thrice-beaten Houston.
UCLA bounced back after San Francisco loss, edged Colorado 65-62, trampled New Mexico 106-41. UCLA had trouble with Colorado's Burdette Haldorson, who scored 26 points, but well-balanced attack won for Californians.
Syracuse Nationals defeated N.Y. Knickerbockers 97-92 in overtime after 109-101 loss to same team, held slim lead in hot Eastern Division race in National Basketball Association. Boston Celtics lost twice but took advantage of slumping Philadelphia Warriors, who dropped four straight, to move into third place.
Ft. Wayne Pistons continued fast pace in Western Division, rolled over Milwaukee Hawks and Philadelphia to lead Minneapolis Lakers by substantial margin. Rochester Royals and Milwaukee trailed far behind.
Cleveland Browns put on tremendous offensive show, demolished favored Detroit Lions 56-10 to capture National Football League championship at Cleveland. Quarterback Otto Graham, who insists he is retiring, was brilliant star for Browns, scored three touchdowns, passed for three, tossed pitchout for another. Lions' Bobby Layne tried 42 passes, completed 18 but stout Cleveland defense overwhelmed Detroit on ground, held defending titleholders scoreless in second half.
Norman (Red) Strader was signed as head coach by San Francisco 49ers, replacing Lawrence T. (Buck) Shaw, fired because he failed to win National Football League title in nine years. Veteran Strader formerly coached St. Regis (Denver), St. Mary's, several wartime service teams, N.Y. Yankees of All-America conference, has been San Francisco scout since 1951. Co-owner Tony Morabito made no secret of desire to win championship but said "Red will still be here" if he doesn't win crown in first year.
South scored twice in last quarter, came from behind to nip North 20-17 in Orange Bowl. Miami's Carl Garrigus went over on short plunge in closing minutes for winning touchdown, shared offensive honors with Maryland's Dick Bielski, who outgained All-America Alan Ameche of Wisconsin 105 to 85 yards, was voted game's most valuable player. Oklahoma's Kurt Burris starred on defense for South.
Northern All-Stars edged South 14-7 in Blue-Gray game at Montgomery, Ala. Passing of Missouri's Tony Scardino and Vic Eaton led to touchdowns for winners in second and fourth periods.
Robert Cohen of France made first start since winning world bantamweight championship in September, scored nontitle TKO over Roy Ankrah when opponent refused to answer fourth-round bell at Paris. National Boxing Association withdrew recognition of Cohen, claimed champion had not lived up to agreement to defend against Raton Macias of Mexico in 90 days.
Harold Johnson of Philadelphia, third-ranking light heavyweight, floored Marty Marshall of Detroit in ninth, went on to win dull 10-rounder at Detroit.
Kid Gavilan, who lost welterweight title to Johnny Saxton in Philadelphia fiasco last Oct. 20 (SI, Nov. 1), spoke out against Manager Angel Lopez, "I did not like what happened in Philadelphia...I not fight for him any more," asked to be released from contract which runs until June, 1957. Retorted Lopez: "He lost to Saxton. For a young fighter, he fight like man old as me. I don't give his contract away...." Lopez' asking price for contract: $50,000.
Montreal Canadiens won key game from second-place Detroit Red Wings 5-0, trounced N.Y. Rangers 4-1, retained three-point edge in National Hockey League standings. Toronto Maple Leafs were still third, while slumping Rangers, without victory in 14 games, managed to gain on fourth-place Boston Bruins who tied and lost to Chicago Black Hawks. Bruins named Milt Schmidt coach, Lynn Patrick to front office.
Bob Toski of Livingston, N.J., who won $50,000 Tam O'Shanter "world" championship, three other major tournaments, topped PGA in earnings with record-breaking $65,819.81. Runners-up: Jack Burke Jr. of Kiamesha Lake, N.Y. ($20,213.67); Marty Furgol of Lemont, Ill. ($19,837.84); Jerry Barber, La Canada, Calif. ($18,885).
E.J. (Dutch) Harrison, veteran St. Louis campaigner, averaged 70.42 for 67 rounds to win Vardon Trophy for first time, beating out Burke, who finished year with 70.75 for 89 rounds.
Precious Stone won first race since Aug. 4, outlasting Scimitar in stretch duel to take photo finish in $11,475 Christmas Handicap at Tropical Park, Coral Gables, Fla.
Howard Abbey of Miami Shores battled high waves, pushed his 20-foot runabout at average speed of 41 mph, won 24-mile marathon in opening event of Orange Bowl regatta at Miami Beach.
Buck Rutherford of Lenapah, Okla. won 1954 all-round cowboy championship of Rodeo Cowboys Association by default when Jim Shoulders of Henryetta, Okla., his closest competitor, failed to show up for final rodeo at Amado, Ariz. Rutherford also captured brahma bull, bronc riding titles.
BORN—To Lew Burdette, Milwaukee Braves pitcher, and Mrs. Burdette; their second child, a girl, at Milwaukee.
MARRIED—Arnold Palmer, U.S. amateur golf champion who recently turned professional; to Winifred Walzer, at Arlington, Va.
HONORED—Connie Mack, "Mr. Baseball," former owner-manager of Philadelphia Athletics, on 92nd birthday; by enshrinement of bust in baseball's Hall of Fame, at Cooperstown, N.Y.
DIED—Alexis Thompson, 43, steel fortune heir, onetime owner of Philadelphia Eagles, U.S. Olympic team bobsledder, pro tennis and midget auto racing promoter; of heart attack, at Englewood, N.J.
DIED—Al Foreman, 49, former British Empire lightweight champion; of heart attack, at Montreal. Foreman had 327 fights in career, won 307, lost 10, drew 10.
DIED—Frank X. Pfeffer, 73, Chicago Cubs and Boston Braves pitcher; at Kankakee, Ill. While with Braves in 1907, Pfeffer pitched no-hit no-run game against Cincinnati.
DIED—Elmer E. Fairchild Sr., 81, president of Rochester Red Wings, paper-box manufacturer; of heart condition, at Rochester, N.Y.
OTHER RESULTS FOR THE RECORD
Philippines, over Japan, 8-1, Asian championships, Manila.
Panpellinois A.C., Greece, over Yugoslav Red Star, Belgrade, 67-56, Christmas tournament title, Brussels.
Johnny Holman, 8-round KO over Bo Willis, heavyweights, Miami Beach.
Pete Adams, 10-round decision over Jimmy Martinez, middleweights, New York.
Paul Pender, 10-round split decision over Ted Olla, middleweights, New York.
Jimmy Perrault,6-round split decision over Alan Kennedy, welterweights, Detroit.
Tony Dupas, 5-round TKO over Clyde Mayberry, lightweights, Baton Rouge, La.
Lauro Salas, 4-round KO over Sonny Straus, lightweights, Los Angeles.
England, over Australia, by 38 runs, in 2nd of 5-game series, Sydney, Australia.
RESULTS OF 100 LEADING COLLEGE BASKETBALL GAMES
Brandeis 104—Brooklyn 60
Colby 81—Massachusetts 79
Conn. 90—Manhattan 79
Cornell 72—Syracuse 62
Duke 90—Pittsburgh 68
Duquesne 71—St.Francis 58
Fordham 61—St.Joseph's 52
Hartwick 76—RPI 70
H. Cross 95—Bost. Coll. 42
Iona 79—Queens 65
Lafayette 84—NYAC 74
N. Car. St. 76—St. John's 75
St. Francis 75—Wayne 49
St. Lawrence 66—RPI 47
Upsala 77—Hartwick 66
Upsala 88—St. Lawrence 75
SOUTH & SOUTHWEST
Alabama 88—Nebraska 76
E. Kentucky 84—Virginia 74
Florida St. 71—Miami 66
G. Wash. 56—Okla. A & M 46
G. Wash. 66—Tulsa 61
Hard.-Simm. 82—Pep'dine 67
Houston 57—Okla. A & M 48
Houston 84—Missouri 76
Illinois 86—Rice 54
Kentucky 70—Utah 65
Kentucky 63—La Salle 54
La Salle 49—S. Calif. 38
Louisville 101—Oregon 72
Loyola 72—Illinois 66
Memph. St. 75—Texas T. 66
Memph.St. 86—Nebraska 79
Mo. Valley 89—E. Tenn. 77
Murray 76—Texas West. 69
Okla. City 72—Houston 65
Okla. City 73—Tulsa 68
Quantico 92—American 64
Quantico 92—Wabash 78
Quantico 69—W & J 58
S. Francisco 94—Wichita 75
S. Francisco 75—Okla.City 51
S. Francisco 73—G. Wash. 57
S. Carolina 69—Ga. Tech. 67
S.E. Mo. 63—S.E. La. 52
S. Calif. 54—Utah 52
Spring Hill 70—St. Mary's 66
Tennessee 96—S. Carol. 82
Texas A & M 86—Pep'dine 84
TCU 97—Austin 65
Tulane 67—Stanford 62
Tulsa 69—Wyoming 64
Vanderbilt 94—Texas 67
Wabash 77—Buffalo 61
W & J 69—Belmont 60
W & J 78—Buffalo 74
W. Ky. 86—Coll. of Pac. 65
W. Tex. 82—Texas A & M 57
W. Tex. 67—Hard.-Simm. 54
Wichita 91—Houston 87
Wichita 82—Wyoming 74
Wyoming 52—Okla. A & M 50
Xavier 57—Fisk 48
Bradley 72—Wayne 68
Bradley 82—SMU 73
Butler 83—N'western 62
Cinn. 97—Coll. of Pac. 59
Dayton 71—Oregon 55
De Paul 76—Mich. St. 75
Detroit 86—Oregon 74
Iowa St. 72—Drake 53
Kansas St. 91—Indiana 74
Loyola 81—S. Dak. St. 73
Marquette 89—S. Dak. 67
Miami (O.) 72—Toledo 70
Minnesota 89—SMU 72
Minnesota 77—N. Dame 66
N'western 83—LSU 66
Ohio U. 72—Loyola 70
Purdue 72—Wash.(St.L.) 44
Tulane 69—Wisconsin 66
Brig.Young 70—Michigan 60
Calif. 74—Ohio St. 63
Calif. 54—Ohio St. 50
Colo. A & M 61—Regis 54
Michigan 104—Denver 77
Montana 63—Idaho 58
Montana 63—Whitworth 62
Mont.St.84—Colo. Mines 48
Mont. St. 104—Colo. Mines 54
Oregon St. 64—Seattle 59
Regis 103—E.N. Mex. 53
St. Louis 73—Wash. 64
S. Diego St. 82—Chico St. 76
Santa Clara 67—Hawaii 61
Stanford 66—Arizona 56
UCLA 65—Colorado 62
UCLA 106—N. Mexico 41
Utah St. 80—Baylor 61
Wash. 72—St. Louis 70
Wash. St. 72—Montana 63
BASKETBALL'S TOP TEN
(Verdict of the Associated Press writers' poll)
2—North Carolina State (11)
3—La Salle (1)
5—San Francisco (5)
RUNNERS-UP: 11, Missouri (128); 12, Alabama (124); 13, Louisville (102); 14, Southern California (97); 15, UCLA (96).
National Hockey League
5. New York
NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION
2. New York
1. Ft. Wayne