FISHING AND HUNTING IN AMERICA: A NATIONAL SURVEY

September 16, 1956

Anyone who hasdodged bullets and dry flies in the forests and by the waters of America knowsfull well that a seasonal army is annually abroad in this country in search offish and game. But just how many? Where do they come from and who are they? Andhow much money and time do they spend in the crowded wilderness? Now for thefirst time an impartial study employing modern sampling methods has beenreleased, which answers these questions. At the direction of the U.S. Fish andWildlife Service, Crossley, S-D Surveys, Inc. of New York sent field workersinto some 20,000 homes, where they interviewed 6,220 individuals from 12 yearsof age on up who fished in 1955 and 3,108 who hunted. SPORTS ILLUSTRATEDpresents highlights of their results below and on the following pages.

A SPORTING ARMYOF 24,917,000 INDIVIDUALS TOOK TO THE WOODS AND WATERS OF AMERICA IN 1955

13,133,000
4,104,000
BOTH: 7,680,000

FISHING

NUMBER OFFISHERMEN 20,813,000

SALT WATER4,557,000
FRESH WATER 18,420,000

MEN:12,938,000
WOMEN: 4,689,000
In addition to the number of men and women 18 years of age and older, 3,186,000minors also fished during 1955

TOTALEXPENDITURES $1,914,292,000
$92 PER PERSON

SALT WATER$488,939,000
An average outlay of $107.29 per person

FRESH WATER$1,425,353,000
An average outlay of $77.38 per person

WHAT THEEQUIPMENT COST

SPECIFIC$243,626,000
Tackle: rods, reels, creels, nets, etc.

GENERAL$550,037,000
Clothing, sleeping bags, tents, etc.

TRIPS AND OTHEREXPENSES

FOOD$106,101,000
LODGING $73,080,000

AUTOMOBILETRANSPORTATION $271,827,000
Including gas, oil and maintenance

OTHER EXPENSES$72,921,000
Magazines, dues, etc.
Leases and privileges
License fees

HUNTING

NUMBER OF HUNTERS11,784,000

BIG GAME4,414,000
SMALL GAME 9,822,000
WATERFOWL 1,986,000
MEN: 9,675,000
WOMEN: 418,000
In addition to the number of men and women 18 years of age and older, 1,691,000minors also hunted during 1955

TOTALEXPENDITURES $936,687,000
$79 PER PERSON

BIG GAME$323,909,000
An average outlay of $73.39 per person

SMALL GAME$494,033,000
An average outlay of $50.30 per person

WHAT THEEQUIPMENT COST

SPECIFIC$350,958,000
Rifles, ammunition, decoys, etc.

GENERAL$137,671,000
Clothing, sleeping bags, tents, etc.

TRIPS AND OTHEREXPENSES

FOOD$38,486,000
LODGING $15,871,000

AUTOMOBILETRANSPORTATION $93,972,000
Including gas, oil and maintenance

OTHER EXPENSES$196,972,000
Magazines, dues, etc.
Leases and privileges
Licenses

TRAVEL

FISHERMEN

SALT WATER 1.2billion miles
FRESH WATER 6.5 billion miles
TOTAL 7.7 BILLION MILES

HUNTERS

BIG GAME 1billion miles
SMALL GAME 1.4 billion miles
WATERFOWL .3 billion miles
TOTAL 2.7 BILLION MILES

GRAND TOTAL: 10.4BILLION MILES

MISCELLANEOUSDATA

•The surveyshowed that 31.6% of all fishermen and 20.7% of all hunters took trips of morethan one day. The typical fisherman traveled 319 miles, and the typical hunter206 miles.

•Of the estimated48,389,000 households in the U.S., 16,848,000 had either a hunter or fishermanor both. Bearing in mind that many persons engaged in both sports, it was foundthat one of every three households had at least one hunter or fisherman, one ofevery four had at least one fisherman and one of every five at least onehunter.

•A total of566,870,000 man-days was spent in hunting and fishing, of which 397,447,000were spent in fishing and 169,423,000 in hunting.

[This articlecontains a table. Please see hardcopy of magazine or PDF.]

BREAKDOWN BY POPULATION DENSITY GROUPINGS

 

FISHING

HUNTING

METROPOLITAN CENTERS

10%

2%

METROPOLITAN SUBURBS

16%

6%

SMALL CITIES

21%

12%

RURAL AREAS

21%

16%

TOTAL LENGTH OF EACH BAR REPRESENTS FISHING

BREAKDOWN BY AGE GROUPS

 

HUNTING

FISHING

12-17

12%

22%

18-24

13%

15%

25-34

12%

20%

35-44

11%

22%

45-64

8%

16%

65 AND OVER

3%

8%

MAPGEOGRAPHICAL BREAKDOWN OF HUNTERS AND FISHERMEN
FISHING
17%
25%
26%
22%
21%
18%
20%
11%
13%
MAP[See caption above.]
HUNTING
8%
18%
17%
11%
10%
12%
10%
6%
7%
THIRTY NINE ILLUSTRATIONS PHOTO CHARTTOTAL LENGHT OF EACH BAR PEPRESENTS FISHING

HOLE YARDS PAR R1 R2 R3 R4
OUT
HOLE YARDS PAR R1 R2 R3 R4
IN
Eagle (-2)
Birdie (-1)
Bogey (+1)
Double Bogey (+2)