1956: YEAR OF CHANGE

New faces, new ideas gave class boat sailing a fresh look this year
November 05, 1956

Class boats made exciting news over the past season. First there was the New York Yacht Club's court petition to change the deed of gift for the famous America's Cup to allow classes smaller than the huge J boats to sail for it—possibly classes like the 12-meter (above), some 50 feet shorter than the traditional Js. Second was the number of unusual new sailing designs that appeared around the nation. Finally there were the new winners of the North American trophies and the winners of major international national and regional class boat championships.

FLYING DUTCHMAN

One of the most fascinating of the new planing hulls is the Flying Dutchman, a European design only three years old yet numbering more than 400 boats. The Dutchman has a clean, ribless plywood or fiber glass construction, and will hit speeds of 20 mph or more when she rises out of water and planes. Her cockpit provides racing quarters for two men or wide-open comfort for a five-or six-man pleasure sail. Included in the racing rig is a wild-looking trapeze, a belt and wire arrangement slung from the top of the mast which makes it possible for the crewman to dangle far over the windward side (right), doubling his efficiency for keeping the boat on an even keel where she sails the fastest.

Length: 19 ft. 10 in.
Beam: 5 ft. 7 in.
Designer: U. van Essen, Bussum, Holland
Racing sails: mainsail, jib, genoa, spinnaker
Weight: 374 lbs.
Cost: $1,400-$2,100

PELICAN

The Pelican (left) is the godchild of the boating widows of Miami whose husbands left them sitting on the dock during the weekend. Fed up with spending their time ashore, the women shopped around for a small, simple boat for themselves. Harold Glander, South Miami boat builder, responded with the Pelican. Small and light, with a minimum of running gear, the Pelican is as easy to handle as any boat afloat. She races well with two aboard, but is beamy enough to hold four adults for an afternoon sail. Her speed in a breeze is about five knots, and in heavy winds she can skim along at better than seven. Best of all, with her fat, flat-ended design, she can stand up in winds over 30 knots. The ladies, however, are still having trouble. On more than one weekend, the husbands have deserted their big boats to race in the sporty Pelicans, leaving the wives once again on the dock.

Length: 11 ft. 2 in.
Beam: 4 ft. 7 in.
Weight: 140 lbs.
Cost complete: $435
Kit minus sail: $185
Mainsail (Dacron): $75
Designer: Harold Glander,South Miami, Fla.

NEWPORTER

The brand-new Newporter has a massive doghouse and an engine which gives her a seven-knot cruising speed—facts which have caused her to be brushed off by some diehards as an out-and-out motor sailer. She isn't. She has a low handicap rating and her top sailing speed approaches nine knots. Primarily, however, she is practical and comfortable, with 6-foot 4-inch overhead throughout, a cockpit that can seat 10, enough sail to be interesting and enough power to get in fast when the wind flats out. Finally, she has an unusually low price tag that includes choice of three rigs—Marconi ketch (below), gaff ketch or Marconi sloop.

Length: 40 ft.
Beam: 13 ft.
Cost complete: $17,500
Designer: C. E. Ackerma, Costa Mesa. Calif.

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PHOTOJOHN MATTHEWS' 12-METER "VIM," BUILT FOR HAROLD S. VANDERBILT (SEE PAGE 69), MAY BE NEXT TO DEFEND AMERICA'S CUP SEVEN PHOTOS ILLUSTRATIONJACK KUNZMAST HEIGHT: 24 FT. 9 IN
JIB AREA: 60 SQ. FT.
MAINSAIL AREA; 116 SQ. FT.
BOOM LENGTH: 9 FT. 4 IN.
DRAFT, BOARD UP: 5 IN.
MID-POINT FREEBOARD: 12 IN
DRAFT, BOARD DOWN: 3 FT. 8 IN.
ILLUSTRATIONJACK KUNZMAINSAIL AREA: 62 SQ. FT.
BOOM LENGTH 8 FT. 6 IN.
MAST HEIGHT: 17 FT. 6 IN.
DRAFT: 6 IN.
DRAFT, BOARD
DOWN: 2 FT. 6 IN.
MID-POINT FREEBOARD: 14 IN.
ILLUSTRATIONJACK KUNZMIZZEN HEIGHT: 37 FT.
MAIN MAST HEIGHT: 46 FT.
CRUISING RIG AREA: 761 SQ. FT.
HEADROOM: 6 FT. 4 IN.
DRAFT: 6 FT.

CUP CHAMPIONS

Mallory cup was won by Fred Hood, 28-year-old sailmaker who lives in Marblehead, Mass.

Adams cup went to Texas crew which was headed by Mrs. Hal Lattimore of Fort Worth Boat Club.

Sears cup winner was Seattle's 17-year-old Alan Holt, who took up sailing only three years ago.

Morss trophy was won by high-scorer Jim Googe and the Navy team when Brown U. team fouled.

CLASS CHAMPIONS

CLASS
Total boats

REGATTA
Where held

WINNER
Home town

A Scow
25

Inland Lakes YA Oshkosh, Wis.

Billy Grunow Lake Geneva, Wis.

Atlantic
86

National Southport, Conn.

Hoyt Perry Jr. New York

Beetle Cat
1,200

National Edgewood, R.I.

Charles Clark Middleboro, Mass.

Blanchard
90

Seattle fleet season Seattle

Ed Kerrihard Seattle

Blue Jay
678

American YC Open Rye, N.Y.

Edith Bock Oyster Bay, N.Y.

Comet
1968

International Port Clinton, Ohio

Wayne Diller Stone Harbor, N.J.

C Scow
300

Inland Lakes YA Oshkosh, Wis.

Dwight Westholt Lee's Summit, Mo.

Dragon
1,800

Int. Gold Cup Rothesay, Scotland

Thorkill Warrer Denmark

D Scow
60

Inland Lakes YA Oshkosh, Wis.

Tom Dyer Minneapolis

E Scow
250

Inland Lakes YA Oshkosh, Wis.

Buddy Melges Zenda, Wis.

El Toro
805

L. Merritt Regatta Oakland, Calif.

Donald Peattie Oakland, Calif.

Firefly
1,950

North American Marblehead, Mass.

George O'Day Boston

5.5-meter
15

National Larchmont, N.Y.

Britton Chance Philadelphia

Fish
108

Lipton Cup Biloxi, Miss.

Mobile YC team Mobile, Ala.

Flying Dutchman
400

World Munich, Germany

Rolf Mulka Hamburg, Ger.

Hampton O-D
544

National Annapolis, Md.

Robert Harrell Norfolk, Va.

Highlander
165

National Duxbury, Mass.

Ray McLeod Painesville, Ohio

Int. One-Design
100

Fleet Season L.I. Sound, N.Y.

Bus Mosbacher New York

International Flattie
806

World Portland, Ore.

John Williams Portland, Ore.

International 14
1,600

Prince of Wales Cup Weymouth, Eng.

David Thorpe Oxford, England

Jet 14
187

Nationals Island Hts., N.J.

Norman Applegate Lavallette, N.J.

Jolly Boat
180

New England Marblehead, Mass.

A. Glazebrook Squantum, Mass.

K-38
35

National Newpt. Hbr., Cal.

Peggy Slater San Diego, Calif.

Lehman Dinghy
468

National Newpt. Hbr., Cal.

Frederick Miller Pasadena, Calif.

Lightning
6,500

International Buffalo

William Cox Darien, Conn.

Luders 16
200

International Greenwich, Conn.

Shelby Friedrichs New Orleans

Moth
1,500

International Miami

Don Lapp Miami

National One-Design
600

National Eagle Lake, Mich.

John Christianson Milwaukee

110
613

International Hull, Mass.

Mal. MacNaught Hingham, Mass.

PC
83

National Alamitos Bay, Cal.

Dick Deaver Newpt. Beach, Cal.

Pelican
46

National Miami

Forrest Lee Miami

Penguin
4,600

National Biloxi, Miss.

Bob Smith Chicago

Raven
250

National Oyster Bay, N.Y.

Robert Polhemus Noroton, Conn.

Rebel
1,000

National Toledo

Ludwig Fromme Toledo

Rhodes Bantam
620

National Toledo

Bob Fox Toledo

Sabot
504

National Alamitos Bay, Cal.

Earl Elms San Diego, Calif.

Six-meter
34

North American Oyster Bay, N.Y.

Bill Gooderham Toronto, Ont.

Snipe
10,777

National Alamitos Bay, Cal.

Clark King Los Angeles

Snowbird
445

National Newpt. Hbr., Cal.

John Haskell Lido Isle, Calif.

Star
3,800

World Naples, Italy

Agostino Straulino Taranto, Italy

Thistle
980

National Mentor, Ohio

Gordon Douglass Mentor, Ohio

Turnabout
900

Race Week Marblehead, Mass.

Deborah Mellen Charlestown, Mass.

210
176

National Marblehead, Mass.

F. Gregg Bemis Cohasset, Mass.

Wood Pussy
1,600

National E. Rockaway, N.Y.

Herb Blake Rowayton, Conn.

Y-Flyer
315

International Atlanta

Bill Berry Atlanta

Zephyr
60

Fleet Season San Francisco

William Shaw Oakland, Calif.

HOLE YARDS PAR R1 R2 R3 R4
OUT
HOLE YARDS PAR R1 R2 R3 R4
IN
Eagle (-2)
Birdie (-1)
Bogey (+1)
Double Bogey (+2)