The Question: Should team scores be kept in the Olympics? (Asked of big shots)

November 19, 1956

AVERELL HARRIMAN
Governor of New York
Not if we are to follow the original ideals of the Olympics. These glorify the athlete, not his country. All nations should unite in honoring the winner. Isn't that better than having only his own country honor him? Team scores are O.K. if the rules provide for them, which the Olympics do not.

MANLIO BROSIO
Italian Ambassador to the U.S.
Yes. The Olympics are not only a competition between athletes, they are a competition between sovereign states. As such, team scores are necessary. Even if we had a world government, regional competition would be valuable and good, just as is the competition at the British Empire Games.

FLORENCE CHADWICK
San Diego
World-famous swimmer
Yes. Being an athlete, I want to know who wins. Not only individual winners, but nations. If unofficial team totals were eliminated, that wouldn't lessen the tension between countries that are keen rivals. Furthermore, who's going to stop the newspapers from publishing team totals?

JACOB K. JAVITS
U.S. Senator-elect
New York State
Yes. Country against country would help stimulate athletic competition everywhere. That's needed in the U.S. After all, the big newspapers in every country publish team scores. Furthermore, I think that athletic competition draws countries together because athletics promote true sportsmanship.

ADLAI STEVENSON
Democratic presidential candidate
Since most of the competing countries are small and represented by few athletes, the Olympic Committee members should hold true to their ideals and refuse to sanction team scores. It's true that two or three countries dominate the Games, but why give this official recognition?

RICHARD M. NIXON
Vice-president of the United States
No. Olympic Games should first promote good will, particularly in these times. The Olympic Committee probably feels that official team scores would make the competitive factor more important than good will. I agree. Anyway, newspapers compile unofficial team scores for those who want them.

LOU MARRON
Brielle, N. J.
Famous sportsman
Yes. Competition is the life of every endeavor. That's as true in athletics as it is of business. Why has Russia made such tremendous strides in athletics? Because of competition with us. If she licks us in the Olympics, it will spur our youth to greater athletic activity.

DOUGLAS FAIRBANKS JR.
Pacific Palisades, Calif.
Certainly. Everybody totals team scores, anyway. The Olympic Committee contends the the Games are athlete against athlete, not country against country. If that is so, why not give up team emblems? Sure it's athlete against athlete, but it's also country against country.

DR. FRANK KINGDON
New York
Editor of American Salesman
Yes. Any man does a little better than he thinks he can do when he has the extra spur of representing his country. Although the rivalry between countries may have dangers of creating bitterness, it is of great value in spurring the development of sports in all countries.

E. C. ROW
Detroit
Administrative Vice-pres., Chrysler Corp.
Yes. There should be keen team spirit. Team scores in any game add greatly in building team spirit. There's no reason why the computing of team scores should cause bad feelings. If all athletes conduct themselves as sportsmen, which they should, there will be no hard feelings.

MIGUEL ALEMAN
Former president of Mexico
No. It is better for good relations between the large and small countries if the Olympic Committee should not announce the team scores to all the world. Small countries are as proud as the large ones. When individual feats are honored, that is the real sportsmanship.

JACKIE GLEASON
Television comedian
That's what I call an academic question—like the fellow who asked the girl for a kiss and she said no-o-o. So he kissed her. Same thing with team points. The newspapers are going to total team scores, even if frowned on by the Olympic Committee. Our athletes should be proud of a high team score.

L. I. WOOLSON
Detroit
President of DeSoto
Div., Chrysler Corp.
In these days, when friendship is so needed between countries, it's probably best to return to the original concept of the Olympics—athlete against athlete—and disregard team scores, which occasionally cause ill feeling. Russia and the U.S. are now bitter Olympic rivals.

TOM WATSON JR.
President, IBM
Yes. As a general proposition, team scores in the Olympics would be a stimulus to sports in every country of the world. Sports in the United States are well-organized on the varsity level, but more people should engage in sports. The Olympics can do much to bring this about.

FIFTEEN PHOTOS

NEXT WEEK:
What do you think of All-America football teams?

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