HERMAN HICKMAN SAYS: This makes the second year of formal league competition and round-robin play in the Ivy League, and it's getting pretty hard to judge the caliber of play of the eight teams as a whole because of the lack of an intersectional schedule. It must be remembered also that there is no spring practice. However, I do believe that the Yale squad of 1956 and the Princeton squads of a few years ago would rank close to the top in any conference. As for this season, here are my assessments of the various squads, listed in the order I pick them to finish.

Princeton, with its finest group of sophomores in a long time, has the best all-round team. The Tigers are deep in good backs, with such outstanding veterans as John Sapoch, Fred Tiley, Hewes Agnew and Tom Morris. Two brilliant sophomore threats are Dan Sachs, who is hailed as the best prospect since Royce Flippin, and Dick George, a left-hander who may take over at wingback. Up front, the line will be led by Tackle Bob Casciola and Guard Dave Grubb. A bevy of up-and-coming sophs are going to have plenty of chances to fill in some of the other spots, but the line may be the Tigers' weakness, if any. Coach Charlie Caldwell always brings his tricky single wing along slowly, so Princeton will be very tough for the last five games.

Cornell, man for man, is as good as any team in the league, although Captain and End Gerry Knapp was a severe loss during the first week of practice. Knapp, it was discovered, had a chronic shoulder injury, so the doctors advised him to give up contact sports lest it become permanent. Two veteran halfbacks are Bob McAniff and Irv Roberson, the latter possibly the most dangerous runner in the league, and there is speed at fullback with Bob Hazzard. A strong frosh team from last year will supply depth. Quarterback Tom Skypeck is still a question mark, but sophomore Emil Bolha could take over.

Brown has pretty much of a veteran team—the same one that did so well in the last four weeks of the 1956 season. However, they lack the usual depth and cannot stand too many injuries. Quarterback Frank Finney was outstanding as a sophomore and there is plenty of speed in Backs John McTigue, Dick Beland, George Gorgodian and sophomore Bob Carlin. Tackle Gil Robertshaw, the best in the league, leads a competent line. This may be Coach Alva Kelley's best team in his seven-year tenure at Brown, which must be rated the league's No. 1 dark-horse threat.

Dartmouth is still rebuilding and sorely needs a good quarterback to handle Coach Bob Blackman's V formation. Sophomore Bill Gundy, although he will lack experience, could do the job. There is good speed in the backfield with Jim Mueller, Jim Burke, Dave Bell and Don Klages. The interior line, led by Guard Joe Palermo, will be strong, but the ends will be weaker due to the graduation of those two outstanding flankers, Monte Pascoe and Ron Fraser. Soph Sam Bowlby could be outstanding at tackle, and his classmate John Crouthamel is earmarked as possibly the best running back on the squad.

Yale, one of the outstanding teams in the country last fall, finds itself with veterans in only three positions: end, quarterback and guard, where Captain Jack Embersits, the lone regular returning, operates. The rest of the starters will be inexperienced squadmen and rising sophomores. Charlie Griffith and Alex Kroll, regulars at guard and center respectively last year, are out of school and lost for the 1957 season for scholastic reasons. Dick Winterbauer, who alternated with Dean Loucks for two years, will be the best quarterback in the Ivy League. Mike Cavallon and John Pendexter are outstanding at the two end spots. But the big question mark is the backfield; Al Ward and Dennis McGill just cannot be replaced. Tom Lorch looks set at one halfback and Fullback Gene Coker is recovered from the injury that kept him on the sidelines last year. The big drop in strength at Yale comes after the first team.

Pennsylvania had a poor defense last year, but with a large majority of their squad returning I feel sure that over-all improvement will be seen. They might run more unbalanced T, with their best passer, Frank Riepl, up under center.

Columbia lost Quarterback Claude Benham from last year's squad, and new Coach Buff Donelli will have a tough time replacing him. His son, Dick Donelli, looks like the outstanding candidate at this position. Returning is Ed Spraker, the Lions' best running back in the last few years, and he is sure to receive plenty of help from a Buddy Young type of sophomore named Harvey Brookins, who has been the sensation of the early workouts. Coach Lou Little, now in well-earned retirement, couldn't do it with Benham. I don't see how Donelli can do it without him.

BROWN
Providence, R.I.

COLORS: Brown and white
BASIC OFFENSE: T with flankers
1956 RECORD: Won 5, lost 4
LETTERMEN RETURNING: 17 of 24
WATCH FOR: Strong passing attack built around Quarterback Frank Finney

THE DOPE: The Bruins have passed through the cub stage and will be toughest to hold in the Ivy League race. Coach Al Kelley's sophomore-dominated squad closed fast at the end of the 1956 season with convincing victories over Cornell, Harvard and Colgate—the latter the lone spoiler of an otherwise perfect season for Ivy Champion Yale—and will start the 1957 campaign with virtually the same combination. Though Kelley dourly predicts he will be "hard pressed to improve on last year's 5-4 record," he doesn't really sound convincing. The interior line, bolstered by the veteran tackle Gil Robertshaw and Guard Larry Kalesnik, is as solid as any in the Ivy group. Kelley terms his backfield "the best we've had in my seven years at Brown." Biggest single problem will be at end where only one letterman returns, and the 1956 freshman squad produced little in the way of a standout flanker. It was poor receiving more than anything else which relegated Quarterback Finney to runner-up spot behind Columbia's Claude Benham in Ivy League pass offense. If he can find a cooperative target, Brown has an excellent chance for both the Ivy championship and an undefeated season.

1957 SCHEDULE (1956 score):
SEPT. 28 Columbia (20-0)
OCT. 5 at Yale (2-20)
OCT. 12 at Dartmouth (7-14)
OCT. 19 Pennsylvania (7-14)
OCT. 26 Rhode Island (27-7)
NOV. 2 Princeton (7-21)
NOV. 9 at Cornell (13-6)
NOV. 16 at Harvard (21-12)
NOV. 28 Colgate (20-0)

COLUMBIA
New York, N.Y.

COLORS: Light blue and white
BASIC OFFENSE: Wing T
1956 RECORD: Won 3, lost 6
LETTERMEN RETURNING: 9 of 19
WATCH FOR: Ed Spraker, star runner and receiver at halfback

THE DOPE: The Lions have a new coach and a new basic offense, but that is all that is new up on Morningside Heights. As Lou Little's successor, Aldo (Buff) Donelli inherits only nine lettermen (six of them starters) and memories of Claude Benham, the great little passer who was the key to the Columbia attack. Outlook for a winning season is bleak. Donelli must find a replacement for Benham and build a corps of reserves. By coincidence only, top candidate for the quarterback spot is Donelli's son Dick, a 20-year-old junior. Young Donelli was a reserve halfback last year, and while his play was competent, it certainly was not up to the Benham caliber. The rest of the backfield is in fair shape. Halfback Ed Spraker and Fullback Brad Howard are seasoned hands and a sophomore, name of Harvey Brookins, appears a cinch to break into the starting lineup at the other half. The line will be strong in the middle. Three experienced guards return in Gene Appel, George Danner and Captain George Pappas. Bob Satovick is the only returning tackle and Don Manes the one experienced center. Ron Szczypkowski and Bruce Howard are the probable starting ends. Columbia will do well if it equals its 3-6 of 1956.

SEPT. 28 at Brown (0-20)
OCT. 5 Princeton (0-39)
OCT. 12 at Yale (19-33)
OCT. 19 at Harvard (26-20)
OCT. 26 Lehigh (no game)
NOV. 2 at Cornell (25-19)
NOV. 9 Dartmouth (0-14)
NOV. 16 Pennsylvania (6-20)
NOV. 23 Rutgers (18-12)

CORNELL
Ithaca, N.Y.

COLORS: Carnelian and white
BASIC OFFENSE: Modified T with flanker
1956 RECORD: Won 1, lost 8
LETTERMEN RETURNING: 13 of 24
WATCH FOR: Considerable use of quarterback option behind unsplit line

THE DOPE: The Big Red suffered the worst season in their history last year, but better times appear to be in store. Coach Lefty James will have the most dangerous back in the league in big Irvin (Bo) Roberson, who was hampered last year with leg injuries. If Roberson is sound this season, Cornell will be one of the toughest teams to stop in the league, since Cornell has a wealth of other fine backs such as Bob McAniff, Terry Wilson, Bob Hazzard and Tom Skypeck. Skypeck will take over at quarterback from graduated Art Boland, the league's offensive leader last season. Though Skypeck saw little action as Boland's understudy, he has great potential. Five starters will return to the line but James may pass some of them over in favor of promising sophomores. The line was Cornell's big weakness last year. It did not jell until the final game with Penn, the only Big Red victory all year. Sure to see action are Ed Savitsky, an outstanding guard, and Gerry Knapp, the fastest end in the Ivy League. The rest of the regulars may have to fight it out for starting berths. If James can patch up his line, Cornell could be a solid dark horse for the Ivy crown, a healthy advance over last year's cellar spot.

SEPT. 28 Colgate (6-34)
OCT. 5 at Harvard (7-32)
OCT. 12 Syracuse (no game)
OCT. 19 Yale (7-25)
OCT. 26 at Princeton (21-32)
NOV. 2 Columbia (19-25)
NOV. 9 Brown (6-13)
NOV. 16 at Dartmouth (14-27)
NOV. 28 at Pennsylvania (20-7)

DARTMOUTH
Hanover, N. H.

COLOR: Oak green
BASIC OFFENSE: V—i.e., T with fullback as blocker between guard and tackle
1956 RECORD: Won 5, lost 3, tied 1
LETTERMEN RETURNING: 17 of 30
WATCH FOR: Captain Joe Palermo, an aggressive linebacker who kicks off, converts

THE DOPE: The Indians have the second most serious replacement problem in the league—next to Yale. Coach Bob Blackman loses seven first-string linemen and three starting backs including End Monte Pascoe, one of the league's leading receivers last year. Lack of experience will hurt Dartmouth in the early games, two of which are against top contenders Brown and Pennsylvania. By midseason, however, Blackman expects to make trouble for all comers. Captain Joe Palermo will return to guard along with Al Krutsch, who also saw considerable action last year. These two should make the middle line the strong point of the Dartmouth forward wall. Dave Bradley, who saw limited service last year, will probably get the nod at quarterback if only for his seniority. The rest of the starting backfield is doubtful. Injuries plagued Don Klages, Jim Burke and Jim Henander last season and Dartmouth's chances of moving the ball on the ground depend on whether these men recover sufficiently to play full time in 1957. Dartmouth will come up with some surprises, but a lack of depth and the probability of ailing backs point to just a so-so season.

1957 SCHEDULE (1956 score):
SEPT. 28 New Hampshire (13-0)
OCT. 5 at Pennsylvania (7-14)
OCT. 12 Brown (14-7)
OCT. 19 at Holy Cross (7-7)
OCT. 26 at Harvard (21-28)
NOV. 2 at Yale (0-19)
NOV. 9 at Columbia (14-0)
NOV. 16 Cornell (27-14)
NOV. 23 at Princeton (19-0)

HARVARD
Cambridge, Mass.

COLOR: Crimson
BASIC OFFENSE: Balanced T
1956 RECORD: Won 2, lost 6
LETTERMEN RETURNING: 14 of 26
WATCH FOR: Triple-threat Halfback Walt Stahura

THE DOPE: The Crimson has a new coach, John Yovicsin, and a new system (balanced T), but it is questionable whether either the coach or the system will work any miracles at The Yard. Though Yovicsin inherits a couple of gilt-edge backs in Senior Walt Stahura and Sophomore Chet "The Jet" Boulris, he also has to cope with the most ragged line in the Ivy League without the services of 1956's star Guard Ted Metropoulos. The change-over from Lloyd Jordan's single wing to a balanced T must be accomplished in a brief three weeks since the Ivy League frowns on spring practice. Of the 14 lettermen returning, six were starters last year. Dick McLaughlin and Sandy Dodge have backfield experience, and McLaughlin is the best bet to take over as T quarterback, unless Yovicsin decides to switch Stahura, the team's best passer, punter and runner, from halfback. Though Yovicsin left Gettysburg with fine references as a teacher of football, his abilities will have to be stretched to almost superhuman proportions if Harvard is to come up with a winner this season. Truth is, the Cantabs will be lucky if they manage to avoid the Ivy League cellar.

OCT. 5 Cornell (32-7)
OCT. 12 Ohio U. (no game)
OCT. 19 Columbia (20-26)
OCT. 26 Dartmouth (28-21)
NOV. 2 at Pennsylvania (14-28)
NOV. 9 Princeton (20-35)
NOV. 16 Brown (12-21)
NOV. 23 at Yale (14-42)

PENNSYLVANIA
Philadelphia, Pa.

COLORS: Red and blue
BASIC OFFENSE: Multiple
1956 RECORD: Won 4, lost 5
LETTERMEN RETURNING: 22 of 29
WATCH FOR: More diversified offense, more passing, especially from halfbacks

THE DOPE: If the Quakers don't hang him first, Coach Steve Sebo should finally come through with his first winning season in four years at Penn. Quaker ire at Sebo's losing streak erupted at the end of last season with a vote of "no confidence" in a poll taken among some 20 members of the squad. But Sebo's slow buildup of Pennsylvania football now looks as though it is about ready to pay off. There are lettermen at every starting spot (four at fullback) and a talented group of sophomores are moving up from last year's freshman team. In recent years Penn has had to plod along on the ground, but the 1957 Quakers will take to the air to round out their attack. Most of the tossing will be done by Halfback Frank Riepl, who completed 14 of 24 in 1956 for 131 yards and one touchdown. The inside game, too, should show improvement with bulldozer Bill Young back after missing most of the 1956 season because of injuries. With those two powerhouses, Penn State and Navy, on the schedule, Sebo has no hopes for an undefeated season, but the Quakers should handle themselves well enough against Ivy League foes to finish somewhere in the first division.

SEPT. 28 Penn State (0-34)
OCT. 5 Dartmouth (14-7)
OCT. 12 at Princeton (0-34)
OCT. 19 at Brown (14-7)
OCT. 26 Navy (6-54)
NOV. 2 Harvard (28-14)
NOV. 9 Yale (7-40)
NOV. 16 at Columbia (20-6)
NOV. 28 Cornell (7-20)

PRINCETON
Princeton, N.J.

COLORS: Orange and black
BASIC OFFENSE: Single wing
1956 RECORD: Won 7, lost 2
LETTERMEN RETURNING: 15 of 26
WATCH FOR: Bruising two-way play of Captain John Sapoch at quarterback

THE DOPE: The Tigers were the surprise of the 1956 Ivy League round robin, although Coach Charlie Caldwell had been conceded little chance during a rebuilding year in which he had only three regulars and a mediocre crop of sophomores with which to work. Yet Princeton went undefeated in its first seven games and was stopped only by League Champion Yale and fast-finishing Dartmouth. This year, most of the same gang is back, bolstered by a most promising sophomore contingent. With this in mind, the Tigers must be rated favorites to win the second formal Ivy League championship. The backfield is loaded, and Caldwell says he expects to enjoy his "strongest offensive depth in several seasons." Offense will center around Tailback Tom Morris and Fullback Fred Tiley. Morris accounted for almost one third of Princeton's total gains last year while Tiley averaged 4.4 yards per carry. Captain John Sapoch, as single-wing quarterback, rarely carries the ball, is used mainly for blocking. He does, however, handle it on all buck lateral and keep plays, either running, pitching out or passing. All in all, it looks like the Tigers are in for a very good season.

SEPT. 28 Rutgers (28-6)
OCT. 5 at Columbia (39-0)
OCT. 12 Pennsylvania (34-0)
OCT. 19 Colgate (28-20)
OCT. 26 Cornell (32-21)
NOV. 2 at Brown (21-7)
NOV. 9 at Harvard (35-20)
NOV. 16 Yale (20-42)
NOV. 23 Dartmouth (0-19)

YALE
New Haven, Conn.

COLOR: Blue
BASIC OFFENSE: T and split-T
1956 RECORD: Won 8, lost 1
LETTERMEN RETURNING: 13 of 32
WATCH FOR: Quarterback Dick Winterbauer, tops in the league

THE DOPE: The Elis lost nine of 11 regulars through graduation, including the entire starting backfield. This would have been a crushing blow to any other school but Yale, which had so much depth last year that many of the second stringers played as much as the first team. Of course, Coach Jordan Olivar will be hard pressed to find replacements for touchdown twins Dennis McGill and Al Ward at the halfback slots, but the picture is not as bad as he paints it. Olivar claims "the squad as a whole has the least experience of any during my tenure at Yale." Belying this, however, are returning line-veterans Chuck Griffith, one of the finest tackles in the league last year; John Embersits, an extremely quick, agile guard who will captain the team; and three outstanding ends in 6-foot-4, 200-pound Mike Cavallon, 6-foot-4, 220-pound Nolan Baird and speed merchant John Pendexter. Olivar has an able quarterback replacement for Dean Loucks in big Dick Winterbauer, who has alternated with Loucks the last two years, and a fine fullback in Gene Coker, who would have started last year but for an injury. Though there are no championships in store for the Blue, they should finish high.

SEPT. 28 Connecticut (19-14)
OCT. 5 Brown (20-2)
OCT. 12 Columbia (33-19)
OCT. 19 at Cornell (25-7)
OCT. 26 Colgate (6-14)
NOV. 2 Dartmouth (19-0)
NOV. 9 at Pennsylvania (40-7)
NOV. 16 at Princeton (42-20)
NOV. 23 Harvard (42-14)

ILLUSTRATION PHOTOBROWN'S ALL-IVY TACKLE, ROBERTSHAW PHOTOGUARD GEORGE PAPPAS IS LION IRON MAN PHOTOEND GERRY KNAPP CAPTAINS BIG RED PHOTOBOB BLACKMAN GUIDES DARTMOUTH PHOTOJOHN YOVICSIN TAKES OVER AT HARVARD PHOTOPENN COACH STEVE SEBO NEEDS A WINNER PHOTOTIGERS' BLOCKING BACK JOHN SAPOCH PHOTOGUARD JOHN EMBERSITS CAPTAINS YALE
HOLE YARDS PAR R1 R2 R3 R4
OUT
HOLE YARDS PAR R1 R2 R3 R4
IN
Eagle (-2)
Birdie (-1)
Bogey (+1)
Double Bogey (+2)