HERMAN HICKMAN SAYS: As so many of us have said so often, a league composed of the leading eastern independents could be on a par with any conference in the country. Technically, the eastern teams belong to the rather loose-knit ECAC (Eastern College Athletic Conference), but there is no championship competition. In fact, all the Ivy League teams are also members of ECAC, but they, of course, fight it out among themselves for their own title. Since most of the major independents are located in the East, let's take a look at them first.

Navy, along with Penn State and Pittsburgh, looks like the cream of the crop this year, although dark horse Army is capable of knocking off any or everybody on its schedule. The Middies are welcoming back a veteran line. Averaging 212 pounds, the forward wall will be the largest in Naval Academy history and quite a comfort to Eddie Erdelatz, who has always bemoaned the rule limiting the size of midshipmen. Captain Dick Oldham, leading ground gainer for the past two years, heads a list of imposing backs—among whom is the stocky Dick Dagampat, sensational soph starter last year. Quarterback Tom Forrestal is an excellent passer and ball handler. Not a sophomore graces the first two teams and with the schedule less gruesome than usual this could be a Navy year.

Penn State's two-unit system paid off for them last year and played no little part in establishing a fine 6-2-1 record. But more important for now, the backfield returned intact from the second outfit, which played better ball at many times last season than the first unit. So, despite the loss of Quarterback Milt Plum, practically the only problem facing the Nittany Lions is at tackle where only one letterman is returning. If they can overcome the Army jinx on October 5, Penn State will go a long way on the national scene.

Pittsburgh, having lost eight starters, lacks experience at ends and in the backfield, but those five middle men from tackle to tackle look just as tough as last year. Over-all, this should be a faster team which will pass more and run well to the outside.

Army will have its biggest line since 1950, but experience is lacking. Conversely, for the first time in three years the quarterback position will be manned by an experienced operator, Dave Bourland. The Cadets are potentially on a par with last season's team, and they should be even stronger by November.

Syracuse suffered immeasurably when it lost All-America Halfback Jim Brown by graduation, but there is still plenty of optimism. If a capable center can be found, the first string line should be good, and the quarterbacking is experienced. This team could easily surprise.

Holy Cross, spurred by its surprising sophomores of 1956, should be even stronger, tougher and faster. Dr. Eddie Anderson, now the dean of college coaches since Lou Little's retirement, should enjoy his stewardship this fall as much as ever.

Only three returning regulars greet new Head Coach Fred Rice at Colgate, but the line is large and the backs are fast. Al Jamison is one of the outstanding pass receivers at end in the country and well worth the price of admission for anyone interested in that exciting art.

Williams seems to have too many horses returning—as far as Wesleyan and Amherst are concerned, and the team should certainly repeat its Little Three championship barring the unforeseen.

Miami (Fla.), one of my Eleven Elevens in 1956, lost its entire first string, or perhaps I should say its Unit One. However, Unit Two, supplemented with some of the finest sophomores in the country, will make the Hurricanes another strong entry, but I can't see them quite on the same level as a year ago. Halfback John Varone is an All-America candidate who will be a rough customer for every team on the Miami schedule.

Notre Dame's predominantly junior squad should show definite improvement over last season's sophomores, who suffered one of the worst records in the football history of the Irish. Opening games with Purdue and Indiana will make or break their season, but if Bob Williams can even partially fill the great Paul Hornung's shoes the Irish might make some interesting news.

Out in the Far West, the College of the Pacific should be an exciting team what with the sensational breakaways of Halfback Dick Bass, one of the nation's better running backs, and Quarterback Dick Flores' throwing to some excellent ends. The interior line is weak and inexperienced, however, so look for COP to score and be scored on.

Denver, Colo.

COLORS: Silver and blue
1956 RECORD: Won 6, lost 2, tied 1
WATCH FOR: Hard-running Fullback Larry Thomson

THE DOPE: The Falcons did extremely well in 1956, their first season of varsity competition, considering that the team was made up entirely of freshmen and sophomores. This year everyone is a year older, and all the lettermen, perforce, are returning since the academy does not graduate its first class until 1959. In addition, Coach Buck Shaw can make use of whatever talent there is among the incoming freshmen. However, the Falcons will be flying a little higher this year, meeting several members of the Skyline Conference, whereas most of last year's opponents came mainly from the somewhat weaker Rocky Mountain Conference. In this faster company Coach Shaw will suffer from a lack of outside speed and a barely adequate passing attack. The Falcons, however, are well manned in the center of the line, and in Fullback Larry Thomson they have an outstanding power runner. Operating the Shavian T will be Quarterback Eddie Rosane, who showed great improvement last year. The chief target of the Rosane passes will be the best of the ends, Tom Jozwiak, but lacking other good receivers Shaw will use backfield flankers. The Falcons ought to win a fair share of their 1957 games.

1957 SCHEDULE (1956 score):

SEPT. 28 Occidental (no game)
OCT. 5 Detroit (no game)
OCT. 11 at George Washington, N (no game)
OCT. 26 at Tulsa, N (no game)
NOV. 2 at Wyoming (no game)
NOV. 9 at Denver (no game)
NOV. 16 at Utah (no game)
NOV. 23 New Mexico (no game)
NOV. 30 Colorado Stale (21-0)

Amherst, Mass.

COLORS: Purple and white
1956 RECORD: Won 5, lost 3
WATCH FOR: Good passing by Tom Gorman and outstanding play at the ends

THE DOPE: The Lord Jeffs look as if they may give Williams a stiff fight for the Little Three championship. Graduation cost Coach John McLaughry his starting center and guards, but he has first stringers returning at the ends and tackles as well as in the backfield. Co-Captain Tom Gorman will be back at quarterback and might even exceed his passing performance of last year (901 yards, nine touchdowns). Catching for him will be a trio of fine ends—Jim Sabin, Pete Jenkins and Dave Stephens. They represent perhaps the best collection of wingmen the Jeffs have ever had. In addition, Stephens is the squad's leading punter and point-after-touchdown man. Marsh McLean, ranked by McLaughry as "the best all-round back on the squad" will do his share of the receiving, and is always a threat to break loose for the long gain. A pair of four-yard-per-try fullbacks, Jim Krumsiek and John Deligeorges, will go through when McLean and Gorman can't go around or over. If Guards Lou Greer and George Lear (a converted tackle) and Center Charles Rideout can fill that hole in the center of the line McLaughry expects his 1957 edition to about equal the record of last year's team.

SEPT. 28 Springfield (7-28)
OCT. 5 at Union (40-27)
OCT. 12 Bowdoin (30-12)
OCT. 19 at Coast Guard (27-14)
OCT. 26 Wesley an (32-0)
NOV. 2 at Tufts (6-0)
NOV. 9 Trinity (21-31)
NOV. 16 at Williams (12-27)

West Point, N.Y.

COLORS: Black, gold and gray
1956 RECORD: Won 5, lost 3, tied 1
WATCH FOR: A more wide-open style of play, with more emphasis on passing

THE DOPE: The Cadets will very likely present a much different appearance on the field this year. Coach Earl Blaik is thinking of opening up the attack and featuring the passing of Dave Bourland. Bourland's progress has been good, Blaik says, and for the first time in two years he is not faced with the prospect of major experimentation at that key position. He is also impressed with Backs Gil Roesler, Mike Morales and Pete Dawkins and Vince Barta. There are any number of bright young backs up from the plebes. If there is a weakness in the backfield it is the lack of a breakaway runner. Gene Mikelonis could remedy that, but he has a bad knee. The line is the heftiest since 1950, but it is causing Blaik no end of concern. Captain Jim Kernan, center, and Stan Slater, a fine guard, are the only regulars returning to the center of the line. Lettermen Bill Saunders and Dick Warner are back at the ends, and there are hopes that Sophomores Bill Melnik and Fred Wilmoth, both 230-pounders, will prove themselves at the tackles. But Blaik needs another starting guard and reserves at all the other line positions. If these are not forthcoming, it could be a rough, but not disastrous, war for him.

SEPT. 28 Nebraska (no game)
OCT. 5 at Penn State (14-7)
OCT. 12 Notre Dame at Philadelphia (no game)
OCT. 19 Pittsburgh (7-20)
OCT. 26 at Virginia (no game)
NOV. 2 Colgate (55-46)
NOV. 9 Utah (no game)
NOV. 16 at Tulane (no game)
NOV. 30 Navy at Philadelphia (7-7)

Chestnut Hill, Mass.

COLORS: Maroon and gold
1956 RECORD: Won 5, lost 4
WATCH FOR: A fast, diversified running attack featuring Alan Miller

THE DOPE: The Eagles inaugurate a new 25,000-seat stadium on their campus Sept. 21 with Navy as their opponent. Coach Mike Holovak may not win this one, but there should be more joy than sorrow in the Eagles' new aerie this fall. Holovak alternated two units last year and the experience thus gained should pay off this season. With 16 lettermen returning, he has at least one well-seasoned man for each position. But he is so pleased with 6-foot-1, 230-pound sophomore Harry Ball, who has been converted to center, that he may start him despite his inexperience. Top backfield billing goes to Don Allard, a junior quarterback who is being compared to the great Charles O'Rourke of the Leahy era. Allard can pass and handle the ball deftly on the split-T options. Halfbacks Tom Joe Sullivan and Alan Miller are a pair of trim juniors who delight Holovak. He expects, with all this talent, to put a lot of pressure on opponents with his running game. A brother act, Leon and Steve Bennett, will handle the tackle spots. Alex Kulevich and John Flanigan will man the ends, while Ed DeGraw and Tom Meehan team at guard. All are sturdy, steady and experienced.

1957 SCHEDULE (1956 score):

SEPT. 21 Navy (no game)
SEPT. 28 Florida Stale (no game)
OCT. 5 Quantico Marines (6-20)
OCT. 12 Dayton (no game)
OCT. 19 Villanova (7-6)
OCT. 26 at Detroit (7-12)
NOV. 9 at Boston U. (13-0)
NOV. 16 Marquette (26-19)
NOV. 30 at Holy Cross (0-7)

Boston, Mass.

COLORS: Scarlet and White
1956 RECORD: Won 1, lost 5, tied 2
WATCH FOR: Long-gaining passes to End Jack Regan, a brutish runner

THE DOPE: The Terriers, with a strong bench to back up nine returning starters, may come to life and repay some old debts this year. Coach Steve Sinko, promoted from line coach when Buff Donelli packed off to Columbia, sees the most urgent weakness at guard. Co-Captain Larry Vinecour is the only letterman, but husky Len Pare, up from the freshmen, looks like sure-fire help. The ends are fine, notably Co-Captain Jack Regan, 28-year-old father of two. Regan weighs more than 200 pounds, but he can really move after catching a pass. Two other lettermen ends, Jim Kenney and Sal Schiazza, will be hard pressed by Sophomore Phil Kearney. The tackles are Ed Paulauskas, Art Krozy and Al Dobson, all veterans. Mark down Paulauskas as a real treasure. In the backfield Sinko is especially high on slender Quarterback Len Hill, a steady passer and cunning field general. Versatile Jimmy Dean is at fullback. Backfield depth comes at halfback where four players won letters last season. Add to these Paul Cancro, a promising sophomore prospect. It appears that with a little bit of luck the Terriers could win at least four games.

SEPT. 28 Massachusetts (19-6)
OCT. 5 at Syracuse (7-21)
OCT. 12 West Virginia (no game)
OCT. 19 at Bucknell (no game)
OCT. 26 Holy Cross (12-21)
NOV. 1 at George Washington, N (20-20)
NOV. 9 Boston College (0-13)
NOV. 23 Connecticut (no game)

Hamilton, N.Y.

COLOR: Maroon
1956 RECORD: Won 4, lost 5
WATCH FOR: The acrobatic catches of End Al Jamison

THE DOPE: The Red Raiders—under the direction of former Backfield Coach Fred Rice—face a truly unhappy season. And if Al Jamison had quit school as he threatened, it might have been even worse. Jamison, the East's leading pass-receiver last season, is big, has fine footwork and magnificent hands. To fully manifest these gifts, Colgate should have a passer like the graduated Guy Martin. But it doesn't. The best early-season prospect is a converted end, Rick Randall. Coach Rice must also find replacements for the three other starters who graduated. Weak at fullback, Colgate may turn to its clutch of fast halfbacks in hopes of finding a suitable offense. This group is led by Track Star Ted Boccuzzi and 149-pound Scatback Walt Betts. On the line the picture is somewhat brighter. Colgate has good size and experience up forward, with notable power in Jamison, Tackle Ralph Antone (who took Yale apart last year) and Guard Bill Usinger, all of whom have seen plenty of heavy duty. The Raiders must quickly develop a strong core up through center, quarterback and fullback. Unless this is done, look for a fall full of glum house parties in the rolling hills of the Chenango Valley.

SEPT. 28 at Cornell (34-6)
OCT. 5 at Illinois (no game)
OCT. 12 Rutgers (48-6)
OCT. 19 at Princeton (20-28)
OCT. 26 at Yale (14-6)
NOV. 2 at Army (46-55)
NOV. 9 Bucknell (26-12)
NOV. 16 at Syracuse (7-61)
NOV. 28 at Brown (0-20)

Stockton, Calif.

COLORS: Orange and black
1956 RECORD: Won 6, lost 3, tied 1
WATCH FOR: Whirlwind offense, led by Dick Bass and Tom Flores

THE DOPE: The Tigers have some of the sharpest claws on the West Coast and probably the softest defensive underbelly. Such a team makeup indicates high scoring football this fall in the San Joaquin Valley. COP's explosive offense is built around a halfback and a quarterback. The halfback, 5-foot-10, 190-pound Dick Bass, averaged 116 yards in his first four games last season as a sophomore, then suffered a knee injury. The knee now is repaired and Bass should again run wild. The quarterback is Tom Flores, fourth in the nation's passing yardage last season with 1,119, third in percentage with .575. His talents as a ball handler and tactician should make COP fans remember, if not forget, Eddie LeBaron. Flores will throw to a pair of massive ends, Farrell Funston, the country's ninth pass receiver last season, and Bob Denton. Now for the soft underbelly. Coach Jack Myers has only one starting interior lineman returning, 222-pound Tackle Bill Striegel. Myers is experimenting with sophomores, transfer students and last year's squadmen in an attempt to fill the four other line spots. Best bets to shore up this tottering stretch of wall are letterman Center Roland Rutter and transfer Guard Ken Castles.

SEPT. 21 at San Diego St., N (no game)
SEPT. 28 Fresno St., N (21-14)
OCT. 5 Tulsa, N (13-14)
OCT. 12 Kansas Stale, N (no game)
OCT. 19 Idaho, N (no game)
OCT. 26 at Cincinnati (21-15)
NOV. 2 at Marquette (28-6)
NOV. 9 at San Jose St., N (34-7)
NOV. 16 UCLA, N (no game)
NOV. 23 at Arizona St., N (6-19)

Newark, Delaware

COLORS: Blue and gold
1956 RECORD: Won 5, lost 3, tied 1
WATCH FOR: Larry Catuzzi's passing, Denny Luker's speed

THE DOPE: The Blue Hens, always a power among the smaller eastern schools, had—for them—a mediocre season last fall. Coach Dave Nelson, who is credited with co-inventing the wing T used so successfully last year by Iowa, thinks this year's team has about the same potential as last year's—if his sophomores come through. The newcomers will have to provide much of the depth in the line and they are already counted on to give the backfield the greatest depth in Nelson's six-year tenure at Delaware. Larry Catuzzi, an able passer, will again direct the offense. Veteran Halfbacks Tony Toto and Denny Luker, who was cometlike in late '56, will join Catuzzi and Sophomore Fullback John Bowman in the backfield. Nelson feels the key to an improved team is a better defense and is not certain he will get it. The line is the big if. There Captain Joe Harvanik, a stout defenseman, has been moved from tackle to end. At the other end is sticky-fingered Ben Klingler. Guards Bob Jones and Jim Skander and Tackle John Pollack are the remaining veterans, and they will need plenty of help from sophomores to make Nelson's defensive hopes come true. If they do, it could be a Delaware year.

SEPT. 28 Lehigh (33-7)
OCT. 5 Bowling Green (no game)
OCT. 12 at Lafayette (14-28)
OCT. 19 New Hampshire (14-6)
OCT. 26 at Connecticut (14-26)
NOV. 2 at Rutgers (22-0)
NOV. 9 Temple (14-7)
NOV. 16 at Bucknell (26-7)


COLORS: Cardinal and white
1956 RECORD: Won 2, lost 8
WATCH FOR: The new wing T and the running of Halfback Bill Dando.

THE DOPE: The Titans, who have dropped out of Missouri Valley Conference competition this year, have a brand-new offense—the wing T—and any number of shiny new sophomores from whom Coach Wally Fromhart expects great things. Taking the most optimistic viewpoint possible, he says: "Our hustle will make up for our lack of experience." Nonetheless, it will be a big help if Quarterback Larry O'Dell recovers from a winter knee operation and Halfback Billy Russell stays in one piece. If they do, he has the makings of a sterling backfield, what with last year's leading scorer, Bill Dando, and Al Korpak back for another year. The sophomore backs should certainly be useful replacements for these regulars, but things aren't quite so rosy in the line. There, the sophomores will have to carry a heavier load, but they are large and eager and there is a smattering of experienced men to help them along, among them End (and Captain) Dick Chapman, the team's leading receiver and punter last year; Center John Carroll and Tackle Dick White. Fromhart has the makings at Detroit—but it seems the pot will have to simmer another season before he can satisfy the Detroit appetite for a winning season.

SEPT. 21 Marquette (20-7)
OCT. 5 at Air Force Academy (no game)
OCT. 12 at Wichita (13-19)
OCT. 19 Xavier (Ohio) (no game)
OCT. 26 Boston College (12-7)
NOV. 2 at Cincinnati (7-33)
NOV. 9 Villanova (7-8)
NOV. 16 Quantico Marines (no game)
NOV. 23 at Dayton (no game)

Tallahassee, Fla.

COLORS: Garnet and gold
BASIC OFFENSE: T, split-T and I
1956 RECORD: Won 5, lost 4, tied 1
WATCH FOR: Good running offense, end work of Ron Schomburger

THE DOPE: The Seminoles have reached a plateau in their climb toward the peaks of big-time football. Last year's soso season won't be much improved upon this year, because graduation has cut too deeply into the ranks. Coach Tom Nugent concisely pinpoints the problem: "The first three quarterbacks will not be present, and the success story of this year's eleven may begin and end in this position." He will meet the problem just as he did last season—by moving his ace halfback up to quarter. In the current instance it's Bob Renn, an accomplished runner and bang-up defenseman. His talents as a passer are still un-plumbed, as he threw only two last year. The backfield around Renn—Halfbacks Stan Dobosz and Buddy Reynolds and Fullback Eddie Johnson—is cast in the same mold: good run, no pass. So expect to see a crisp, durable running attack. On the line, the Seminoles are sending up poetic puffs of smoke over Senior End Ron Schomburger, a horse on defense. He might even be the fine pass catcher he's billed as—if any passes are thrown his way. The rest of the line, principally 210-pound Tackle Bill Musselman, are experienced and reliable. After this come the sophomores.

1957 SCHEDULE (1956 score):

SEPT. 21 Furman, N (42-7)
SEPT. 28 at Boston College (no game)
OCT. 5 at Villanova (20-13)
OCT. 12 N.C. State, N (14-0)
OCT. 19 Abilene Christian, N (no game)
OCT. 26 Virginia Tech (7-20)
NOV. 8 Miami, N (7-20)
NOV. 16 at Miss. Southern, N (20-19)
NOV. 23 Auburn (7-13)
NOV. 30 at Tampa, N (no game)

Worcester, Mass.

COLOR: Royal purple
1956 RECORD: Won 5, lost 3, tied 1
WATCH FOR: Lots of passing from Tom Greene, strong-running by Dick Surrette.

THE DOPE: The Crusaders, despite the return of six regulars, still are an inexperienced team—Coach Eddie Anderson has a shallow bench to back up a team which starts at least seven sophomores and juniors. His deepest concern is over his Quarterback Club, which has Junior Tom Greene and that's about it. Greene is a passer in the fine Holy Cross tradition, but he can't run as well as he might. The rest of the backfield, for better or for worse, is pretty much set. At halfback are Paul Toland and Ed Hayes, who should, if he stays whole, be a nice breakaway threat. At fullback is Captain Dick Surrette, the team's leading ground gainer over the past two seasons. Up front the outlook is hopeful. Last year's young line shut out its last two opponents and might be ready for a stout season. Its success depends largely on the play of Tackle Joe Moore and Guard Jim Healy, both juniors and, potentially, two of HC's best linemen in years. The flanks are good, with Junior Dave Stecchi and Sophomore Bernie Buzyniski. All in all, the team is young and green and a trifle slow, yet with the good fortune of not meeting Syracuse and Penn State until November, it might jell and warm some Irish hearts.

SEPT. 28 at VMI (no game)
OCT. 5 Dayton (13-14)
OCT. 12 at Marquette (41-0)
OCT. 19 Dartmouth (7-7)
OCT. 26 at Boston U. (21-12)
NOV. 3 Quantico Marines (13-0)
NOV. 9 at Syracuse (20-41)
NOV. 16 Penn Stale (0-43)
NOV. 30 Boston College (7-0)

Easton, Pa.

COLORS: Maroon and white
BASIC OFFENSE: T and split-T
1956 RECORD: Won 6, lost 3
WATCH FOR: Quarterbacking of Joe Bozik, rugged play of Guard Bill Harrick

THE DOPE: The Leopards sent their 1956 line, from tackle to tackle, out into the world last June. But 10 lettermen, six other veterans and a band of 10 healthy sophomores still turned out for line play. From these, Coach Steve Hokuf has built a dandy first line of 200-pounders. On the flanks are a pair of useful juniors, Don Dilley and Gordon Gibson. The only other junior in this front wall is 225-pound Dick Norton. George Lloyd, a former tackle, is being shifted to guard. The other guard, and one of the best in the East, is Bill Harrick. The backfield is long on veterans and should be faster than last year's. The sparkplug of the attack—and Lafayette's answer to Dan Nolan of Lehigh—is Quarterback Joe Bozik. Like Nolan, Bozik is a passer and a real master of the option play. Al Caesar, who in the last two years has taken successful cracks at the quarterback and fullback slots, is being moved to halfback. He is a savage blocker but an uncertain ball carrier. Playing opposite him is Jim Hourihan, who runs well. Starting at fullback is Brad Jackson, but his spot is being severely challenged by Roy Geiss and Sophomore Don Nikles. It looks like a year of building at Easton.

SEPT. 28 Muhlenberg (26-0)
OCT. 5 at Buffalo (no game)
OCT. 12 Delaware (28-14)
OCT. 19 at Temple (20-0)
OCT. 26 Bucknell (13-7)
NOV. 2 at Gettysburg (6-12)
NOV. 9 Rutgers (19-20)
NOV. 16 Western Maryland (43-7)
NOV. 23 at Lehigh (10-27)

Bethlehem, Pa.

COLORS: Brown and white
1956 RECORD: Won 7, lost 2
WATCH FOR: Dan Nolan's passes to Ends Joe Wenzel and Dave Nevil

THE DOPE: The Engineers are likely to go all the way this year, unless the opposition makes Dan Nolan pass left-handed and run in hip boots. Nolan is a gem. He is probably the best passer in Lehigh history, and he runs hard on his skillfully executed keeper plays. His receivers, despite the graduation of End Austin Short, are more than adequate, if a little green. Junior Joe Wenzel, Coach Bill Leckonby happily reports, is developing into a superb pass catcher. Nolan's other chief targets will be End Dave Nevil and Halfback Dick Pennell. The line, save for center, is experienced and averages more than 200 pounds across. The tackles, Pete Williams and Walt Bianco, and the guards, Don MacClymont and John Stanley, are set. The center problem, however, is a sore one. Leckonby must go with veteran third-stringer Tom DeFlavis or gamble on starting sophomore Walter Meincke. Fullback is in the capable hands of Walt Pijawka, and the halfbacks are quick and experienced. The real backfield problem lies in defense. And if it isn't solved soon, look for high-scoring games. The Engineers will certainly score their share, however, since they've got Dan Nolan.

1957 SCHEDULE (1956 score):

SEPT. 28 at Delaware (7-33)
OCT. 5 at Western Reserve (no game)
OCT. 12 Gettysburg (26-7)
OCT. 19 at Rutgers (27-13)
OCT. 26 at Coulmbia no name)
NOV. 2 Bucknell (25-6)
NOV. 9 VMI (27-20)
NOV. 16 at Buffalo (no name)
NOV. 23 Lafayette (27-10)


COLORS: Blue and gold
1956 RECORD: Won none, lost 9
WATCH FOR: An improved, though adolescent, backfield, strong center of the line

THE DOPE: The Warriors, when they hired Johnny Druze as head coach, let it be known they were committed to going genuinely big time in football. Druze's first squad promptly lost all nine of its games. Druze was extremely audible in his un-happiness over this; in fact, he didn't even invite five of his lettermen back for spring practice. This year the Warriors' customarily eclectic schedule is indeed big league, but it is doubtful that the team is up to it. Among the sunbeams penetrating the dark clouds over Milwaukee, however, are an uncommonly speedy halfback, Clarence Bruton; a bullish fullback, Frank Mestnik; and, best of all, Halfback Jim Webster, brother of the New York Giants' Alex. All are sophomores. Tom Sunderbruch, also a sophomore, will probably beat out converted Halfback Ernie Safran because he has the all-around ability a split-T quarterback needs. This adds up to an inexperienced but potentially good backfield. The strength of the line is in the center where sturdy Dick Campbell will be flanked by veteran Guards Mike Kirby and Bill O'Connell. Over-all, Druze looks for improvement. Considering last year's record, that should be easy.

SEPT. 21 at Detroit (7-20)
SEPT. 28 at Wisconsin (0-41)
OCT. 5 Tulane (no game)
OCT. 12 Holy Cross (0-41)
OCT. 19 at Cincinnati, N (13-33)
OCT. 26 Texas Christian (no game)
NOV. 2 College of the Pacific (6-28)
NOV. 9 Penn State (no game)
NOV. 16 at Boston College (19-26)
NOV. 23 at Arizona, N (no game)

Coral Gables, Fla.

COLORS: Orange, green and white
BASIC OFFENSE: Miami drive series with flanker
1956 RECORD: Won 8, lost 1, tied 1
WATCH FOR: More wide-open offense than last year, line backing of Newcomb

THE DOPE: The Hurricanes lost last year's first unit but retained most of the second and have on hand some unusually good sophomores. Coach Andy Gustafson employs alternate teams, and the returning unit is experienced and every bit as strong as the one that left. The Hurricanes were the nation's top defensive team last year, but Gustafson proposes this year to swing into higher scoring gear with a powerful offensive line and a well-rounded backfield. Pivot of the line is Vester Newcomb, one of Miami's alltime centers. The attack, now that All-America Fullback Don Bosseler is gone, will be less powerful but more varied than last year. Bonnie Yarbrough, who guides the team with acumen and throws a nice left-handed running pass, returns to quarterback, Joe Plevel to left half and New Yorker Bill Sandie steps into the big shoes vacated by Bosseler. Chief gun is Captain Joe Varone, right halfback. Varone, a Boston boy, is a superb runner, pass receiver and defensive player. Twenty-seven sophomores are members of the 51-man squad. Count among these blessings: Fullback Harry Deiderich, Tackle Frank Nodoline and the ambidextrous Quarterback Maury Guttman.

SEPT. 21 at Houston, N (no game)
OCT. 5 Baylor, N (no game)
OCT. 11 North Carolina, N (no name)
OCT. 18 Worth Carolina St., N (no game)
OCT. 25 Kansas, N (no game)
NOV. 1 Villanova, N (no game)
NOV. 8 at Florida St., N (20-7)
NOV. 15 Maryland, N (13-6)
NOV. 30 Florida, N (20-7)
DEC. 7 Pittsburgh (7-14)

Oxford, Ohio

COLORS: Red and white
BASIC OFFENSE: Split-T, spin T
1956 RECORD: Won 7, lost 1, tied 1
WATCH FOR: The powerful running of Dave Thelan; an experienced, heavy line

THE DOPE: The Redskins were highly successful last year in their first season under Coach Johnny Pont, and there seems no reason why 1957 should not be as pleasant. Pont has one major problem—replacing Quarterback Tom Dimitroff. Four men are contending for the job. All are fine performers but none is as brilliant as Dimitroff. The rest of the starting backfield, however, should take up whatever slack is left by Dimitroff's graduation. Dave Thelan, the team's leading ground-gainer last year at halfback, has been shifted to fullback. Two lively halfbacks are also returning—Hal Williams and George Scott. If they can avoid injuries they will round out an enviable backfield. If not, there is Miami's usual abundant quota of eager sophomores and juniors ready to step into the breach. The Redskin line will average 200 pounds, and although it lacks depth here and there it offers pleasant prospects. Among them are Mack Yoho, who is returning to end after a season at tackle; John Baker, another end who looked good last year; Pat Orloff, a senior guard; Center Jim Wahlke, a 200-pounder; Tackles Ron Kacic and Eddie Hill, both 1956 regulars; and Guard Selma Gamble, a letterman.

1957 SCHEDULE (1956 score):

SEPT. 28 at Western Michigan (no game)
OCT. 5 Xavier (14-7)
OCT. 12 at Kent Stale (14-0)
OCT. 19 Ohio University (16-7)
OCT. 26 at Purdue (no game)
NOV. 2 at Bowling Green (7-7)
NOV. 9 Marshall (21-14)
NOV. 16 at Dayton (21-14)
NOV. 28 at Cincinnati (27-13)

Annapolis, Md.

COLORS: Blue and gold
1956 RECORD: Won 6, lost 1, tied 2
WATCH FOR: Reifsnyder's bursting line play, fullback slants of Dagampat

THE DOPE: The Middies, still smarting over last year's tie with Army and the subsequent loss of a Cotton Bowl bid, are tough customers this season. Seven starters return, including Bob Reifsnyder, probably the roughest 19-year-old lineman in the country last year. Reifsnyder has been shifted from tackle to center, without diminishing his efficiency. Cheek by jowl with Reifsnyder on the left side of the line are the 1956 starters, Tony Stremic, who was excused from spring practice to wrestle heavyweight for the Academy, Tony Anthony and Pete Jokanovich. The right-siders, from guard to end, are George Fritzinger, Jim Martinez and Wayne McKee, all letter winners. This represents a 212-pound line, heaviest in Navy's history. In the backfield, Coach Eddie Erdelatz is set with Tom Forrestal at quarterback. Forrestal, a little skittish last season, showed poise in spring practice and should be a thoroughly poised operator in this, his senior year. He both runs and passes well. Ned Oldham, the team's leading ground-gainer for two seasons, is back at half. The rugged scat-fullback is 169-pound Dick Dagampat. With such experience in key positions, the Middies look even stronger than last year. As a matter of fact, despite such testing dates as Duke and Army, Navy has no insurmountable obstacle on the schedule.

SEPT. 21 at Boston College (no game)
SEPT. 28 William & Mary (39-14)
OCT. 5 at North Carolina (no game)
OCT. 12 at California (no game)
OCT. 19 Georgia at Norfolk (no game)
OCT. 26 at Pennsylvania (54-6)
NOV. 2 at Notre Dame (33-7)
NOV. 9 Duke at Baltimore (7-7)
NOV. 16 George Washington at Baltimore (no game)
NOV. 30 Army at Philadelphia (7-7)

South Bend, Ind.

COLORS: Blue and gold
1956 RECORD: Won 2, lost 8
WATCH FOR: A good offense, featuring the speed of Aubrey Lewis

THE DOPE: The Fighting Irish, for the first time in the memory of mortal man, have no place to go but up. This they should do, but it won't be as far up as the more ambitious alumni would like. Back from last year's battered outfit are 21 lettermen, but many of them had only minor game experience. Nonetheless, Coach Terry Brennan has at least a couple of experienced men at all positions except quarterback, although the best of them must be regarded as accident prone. At quarterback the most likely prospect is certainly Bob Williams, who filled in for the injured Paul Hornung in the USC game last fall and did commendably. Beyond him, all is darkness. The admirable Aubrey Lewis, if he stays well, will add class and fleetness to the backfield at left half. Small but elusive Bobby Ward is a most useful spot halfback. The end positions are well manned. Bronko Nagurski fils and Frank Geremia are back at tackle. There are a couple of good guards and Ed Sullivan, the 1956 regular, at center to round out the line. But Brennan needs more depth, less fragility and a great deal more defensive skill if he is to better 1956. He says, "We're improving, but are still a year away."

SEPT. 28 at Purdue (14-28)
OCT. 5 Indiana (20-6)
OCT. 12 Army at Philadelphia (no game)
OCT. 26 Pittsburgh (13-26)
NOV. 2 Navy (7-33)
NOV. 9 at Michigan Stale (14-47)
NOV. 16 at Oklahoma (0-40)
NOV. 23 Iowa (8-48)
NOV. 30 Southern California (20-28)
DEC. 7 at Southern Methodist (13-19)

University Park, Pa.

COLORS: Blue and white
1956 RECORD: Won 6, lost 2, tied 1
WATCH FOR: Hard and shifty running of Halfback Bruce Gilmore

THE DOPE: The Nittany Lions may be the best team in the East. Coach Rip Engle would like a big tackle and maybe a guard or two, but otherwise he's ready to turn his men loose. The reason for this—despite the graduation of All-America Guard Sam Valentine, Quarterback Milt Plum and six other starters—lies in Engle's two-unit system. In short, the returning boys not only have the talent but have worked together as a team. In the backfield, three, and probably four, first stringers move up from last year's all-sophomore second unit. Most spectacular of these is Halfback Bruce Gilmore, an evenly built 175-pound parcel who runs like former Penn Stater Lenny Moore. Al Jacks, top-shelf passer and field general, is set at quarter and Andy Moconyi at the halfback post opposite Gilmore. Fullback is uncertain, but it looks as though Maurice Schleicher, a 235-pound jumbo, will join his classmates on the first unit. The line picture is spotty. No worries over Ends Les Walters and Jack Farls, who in 1956 logged the most game time of this year's squad, or center, where Chuck Ruslavage and Steve Garban return. Engle's biggest thorn is at tackle, where only Bill Wehmer is back. There are slight guard infirmities, but if these are shored up, Penn State will bring home the prizes—and one will be the Lambert Trophy.

1957 SCHEDULE (1956 score):

SEPT. 28 at Pennsylvania (34-0)
OCT. 5 Army (7-14)
OCT. 12 William & Mary (no game)
OCT. 19 Vanderbilt (no game)
OCT. 26 at Syracuse (9-13)
NOV. 2 West Virginia (16-6)
NOV. 9 at Marquette (no game)
NOV. 16 at Holy Cross (43-0)
NOV. 23 at Pittsburgh (7-7)


COLORS: Blue and gold
1956 RECORD: Won 7, lost 2, tied 1
WATCH FOR: Charley Brueckman at the center of a big, tough line

THE DOPE: The Panthers may not have the toughest team in the country this year, but they may well have the toughest schedule. Coach Johnny Michelosen guided his first two Pitt teams to bowl games with the strength of great benches. This year he sorely lacks the bench. Gone by graduation are his first two quarterbacks, two fullbacks, both tackles, All-America Joe Walton and three other ends, plus sundry halfbacks and guards. Despite all this, Michelosen has been able to patch together a grand first-string line. From tackle to tackle it is big and rough, led by All-America prospect Charley Brueckman at center and 245-pound Tackle Jim McCusker. The ends are chancy with Dick Scherer and Art Gob. In the backfield Bill Kaliden will take over at quarterback, and although he can't run the option with the skill of Corny Salvaterra, he is faster and probably a better passer. The veteran halfbacks, Dick Bowen and Jim Theodore, are being broken up with the shift of Bowen to full. Big ground-gainer should be Theodore, who traveled 400 yards last year. Michelosen, whose blocking assignments already are single-wing style, may swing into some single-wing plays. He's been itching to.

SEPT. 21 Oklahoma (no game)
SEPT. 28 Oregon at Portland, N (14-7)
OCT. 4 at USC, N (no game)
OCT. 12 Nebraska (no game)
OCT. 19 at Army (20-7)
OCT. 26 at Notre Dame (26-13)
NOV. 2 Syracuse (14-7)
NOV. 9 West Virginia (14-13)
NOV. 23 Penn Stale (7-7)
DEC. 7 at Miami (14-7)

New Brunswick, N.J.

COLOR: Scarlet
BASIC OFFENSE: Single wing
1956 RECORD: Won 8, lost 7

WATCH FOR: Smoother offense, dangerous sprints of Tailback Billy Austin

THE DOPE: The Scarlet Knights, now that they are thoroughly trained in the operation of the single wing, should get the machine rolling this year. Nine regulars return. Coach John Stiegman came to the campus last fall and put in sophomore Billy Austin as his tailback. Austin, who runs beautifully, punts well enough, but lacks punch as a passer, should be experienced and capable this year. He'll have to be; there simply are no tailback replacements. At quarterback is sometime-center Dick Oberlander, a 26-year-old 200 pounder. Jay Hunton leads the wingbacks. Hunton is a slender boy, very fast and easily the team's best pass receiver. Fullback Bill Hopwood, second to Austin in rushing last season, rounds out the backfield. The line is highlighted by Captain Dick Pfeiffer, a tackle, Larry Muschiatti, a guard, and Dutch Wermuth, an end. The most pressing line problem is at tackle. A pair of sophomores, Bill Pulley and Dave Talbott, should be heavily used. Most fearful over-all worry, however, is injury. During the season last year, Austin separated a shoulder, Hunton injured a leg which later required surgery, Wermuth broke an arm and Hopwood sprained an ankle.

1957 SCHEDULE (1956 score):

SEPT. 28 at Princeton (6-28)
OCT. 5 Connecticut (7-27)
OCT. 12 at Colgate (6-48)
OCT. 19 Lehigh (13-27)
OCT. 26 Richmond (no game)
NOV. 2 Delaware (0-22)
NOV. 9 at Lafayette (20-19)
NOV. 16 at William & Mary (20-6)
NOV. 23 at Columbia (12-18)

San Jose, Calif.

COLORS: Gold and white
1956 RECORD: Won 2, lost 7, tied 1
WATCH FOR: A light, speedy team, lacking in top-caliber reserves

THE DOPE: The Spartans, who won only twice in 1956, have lost their top-ranked passing combination, Quarterback Bob Reinhart and Halfback Art Powell, both of whom defected to the Canadian pros with a season of eligibility left. Reinhart's understudy, sharpshooting Marv McKean, is back, however, along with a trio of talented but slightly built backs—with Harvel Pollard, Bill Montero and Al Chapman the best of the lot. This, Coach Bob Titchenal thinks, adds up to a smooth-running attack and great defensive mobility. Guard Stan Keith and Tackle Nick Sanger, both seniors, lead a veteran and expert first-string forward wall, but as Titchenal warns, "We have a lack of reserves at all positions, most notably at center and tackle." The coach looks on this season as "a building-for-the-future year." Still, if he can teach his offensive system to his junior-college transfers and fill some of the gaps in the Spartan reserve contingent with them—and it now looks as if they will do very nicely—he feels that he can have "a representative team in the process." Since the majority of his lettermen are last year's first-teamers, his hopes for 1957 are not at all unreasonable.

SEPT 21 at Stanford (20-40)
SEPT 27 at Denver, N (26-35)
OCT. 5 Arizona State, N (13-47)
OCT. 12 at Oregon (no game)
OCT. 19 San Diego State, N (27-27)
OCT. 26 North Texas State, N (no game)
NOV. 2 at California Poly, N (35-28)
NOV. 9 College of the Pacific, N (7-34)
NOV. 16 at Fresno State, N (14-30)
NOV. 30 at Hawaii, N (0-20)

Syracuse, N.Y.

COLOR: Orange
1956 RECORD: Won 7, lost 1
WATCH FOR: All-round good work of End Dick Lasse, lots of power plays

THE DOPE: The Orangemen lost the brunt of last year's Cotton Bowl and Lambert Trophy team—to wit, Halfbacks Jim Ridlon, All-America Jim Brown, Center Billy Brown—but they might yet come up with a top eastern contender. This supposition is based on the copious supply of strongmen Coach Ben Schwartzwalder has in his starting line. Endwise he is in splendid shape, with Dick Lasse, possibly the East's best, and Dick Aloise. Tackles and guards such as Ron Luciano, Gerry Hershey, Chuck Strid and Al Benecick average 220 pounds, have experience and plenty of sock. Only line uncertainty is at center where last year's first four have graduated; Mike Bill, erstwhile guard, is being fitted for the job. The quarterbacking corps is neat but not gaudy. Of his halfbacks Schwartzwalder speaks with candor and a touch of melancholy: "We straightened out that situation in spring practice. It looks like Ernie Jackson and Dean Danigel two juniors, will take over for Brown and Kid-Ion. How they'll be, we don't know." Most likely they'll be a step slower and not nearly as destructive. The best back of the lot, according to Schwartzwalder, is Fullback Ed Coffin, a mature, 25-year-old letterman.

SEPT 28 Iowa State (no game)
OCT. 5 Boston U. (21-7)
OCT. 12 at Cornell (no game)
OCT. 19 at Nebraska (no game)
OCT. 26 Penn State (13-9)
NOV. 2 at Pittsburgh (7-14)
NOV. 9 Holy Cross (41-20)
NOV. 1 Colgate (61-7)
NOV. 23 at West Virginia (27-20)

Villanova, Pa.

COLORS: Blue and white
BASIC OFFENSE: T with flankers
1956 RECORD: Won 5, lost 4
WATCH FOR: An experienced, versatile backfield led by Billy Magee

THE DOPE: The Wildcats had a modestly successful season under Coach Frank Reagan last year and justifiably expect that this year the gap between the won-and-lost figures—despite a tough schedule-will be still wider. This guarded optimism is based mainly on the fact that Reagan was able to give some 22 returning lettermen plenty of game experience in 1956. The backfield particularly gladdens him, for there he is two deep at all positions. Billy Magee will be the quarterback in the all-senior backfield and a sophisticated performer he is. Dave Parr and Rick Sapienza are the halfbacks, and Jack Devereaux the fullback. The wildest of the Wildcats is Don Luzzi, a 225-pound tackle. He is fast and strong and bulwarks a line which has questionable aspects, particularly at guard and center where depth is needed. Ed Lemkin, a sophomore, can help out behind either Vince Chaverini at center or opposite senior Guard Ed Michaels. Tony Varrechione and Gene O'Pella will probably handle the end assignments well enough and sophomores Dick Keyser and Furman Nagel look good at the other tackle slot. If Reagan can find the reserves to spell his starting linemen, he thinks he can win at least six games.

SEPT. 21 at Baylor (no game)
SEPT. 28 Furman (no game)
OCT. 5 Florida Slate (13-20)
OCT. 12 at Virginia Tech (no game)
OCT. 19 at Boston College (6-7)
OCT. 26 at Indiana (no game)
NOV. 1 at Miami, N (no game)
NOV. 9 at Detroit (13-0)
NOV. 23 Wichita (no game)

Middletown, Conn.

COLORS: Red and black
1956 RECORD: Won 2, lost 4, tied 2
WATCH FOR: Passing of Quarterbacks Francis and Hoyer, running of Dick Wenner

THE DOPE: The Cardinals pin their hopes on a pair of husky Army veterans and a strong line. Rick Francis comes back to the hillside campus to challenge Larry Hoyer for the quarterback job. Chances are the incumbent Hoyer, an ex-serviceman himself, and Francis will share the chores. Look for Francis to throw the long pass, Hoyer the short. The line is anchored by a trio of experienced juniors—Tackles Marty Jascot and Al Brooks, both 200-pounders, and Guard Dave Mitchell. The team's principal weaknesses are pointed out by Coach Norm Daniels when he says: "I'm really looking for some ends who can catch passes. And I could use halfbacks, both offensively and defensively." Gerry Lord has one end post; the other is open. As for the halfbacks, Daniels will sorely miss Gerry Baker, a scatback on last year's team. Surely he won't get much scatting from this year's crew of halfs. Dick Wenner, however, is a slashing runner and Jim Eglin can turn a corner with fine speed. Bob Burns is a rough fullback and fairly effective up the middle. The Wesleyan schedule, except for the substitution of Swarthmore for Rochester, is the same as last year. The results won't be much better.

1957 SCHEDULE (1956 score):

SEPT. 28 Middlebury (6-21)
OCT. 5 Coast Guard (19-12)
OCT. 12 at Haverford (7-7)
OCT. 19 at Worcester Tech (7-26)
OCT. 26 at Amherst (0-32)
NOV. 2 Swarthmore (no game)
NOV. 9 Williams (0-0)
NOV. 16 at Trinity (7-14)

Williamstown, Mass.

COLOR: Royal purple
1956 RECORD: Won 5, lost 2, tied 1
WATCH FOR: A deep, experienced, well-balanced team

THE DOPE: The Ephmen of Coach Len Watters have an embarrassment of riches this season, with at least two good prospects battling for nearly every position. Back from last year's strong team are the first 22 men who played in (and won) the traditional finale at Amherst. In addition, Watters has 30 sophomores from last year's undefeated freshman team, many of whom are pressing veterans for starting positions. "With added experience we should be stronger than last year," says Watters with becoming modesty. In the backfield only Quarterback Marv Weinstein, a consistently good passer, seems secure. Matt Donner and Bob Hatcher are fighting for the fullback job. Bob Stegeman, a reformed fullback, is pressing Co-captain Whitey Kaufman for one halfback spot, while speedy Chip Ide and sophomore Bob Rorke contend for the other one. Veteran Ends Dan Fanning and Rich Kagan should hold their varsity assignments, as should Center Hank Dimlich. Bill Hedeman seems a fixture at one tackle, but Co-captain Karl Schoeller will have to beat out Tom Heekin to keep his post at the other. Five men are after the guard slots. All this adds up to the pleasantest kind of autumn for Watters.

SEPT 28 Trinity (46-7)
OCT. 5 at Colby (42-0)
OCT. 12 at Middlebury (33-7)
OCT. 19 Bowdoin (13-7)
OCT. 26 at Tufts (20-40)
NOV. 2 Union (14-20)
NOV. 9 at Wesleyan (0-0)
NOV. 16 Amherst (27-12)