The following is a listing of every event in the 1960 Olympics. The likely winners, picked by SPORTS ILLUSTRATED experts, are printed in boldface type; in regular type, with their best performances ever shown in parentheses, are the contenders they have to fear most, Under each sport, the four nations with the strongest over-all representation have been listed separately. Other outstanding performers may be found under OTHER NATIONS. A summary appears at the end.
TRACK & FIELD (world record)
100 METERS (10.0)
RADFORD, Great Britain (10.2)
Sprints: Hary's rolling start, rabbit pickup should get him off in front, but Norton's superior top speed, strength should tell in last 20 meters of the 100, last 80 meters of 200. Up close: Radford, Jerome in 100, Johnson, Radford in 200, U.S. sprint relay team may set new world record.
200 METERS (20.5)
RADFORD, Great Britain (20.4)
400-METER RELAY (39.5)
400 meters: Spence may be the best quarter miler in the world. A master of the delicate sense of pace required by this race, he should beat the U.S's strong Jack Yerman, who is not fast enough, and fast Otis Davis, who cannot pace his race. The 1,600-meter relay—BWI, South Africa, Germany very close to U.S.
400 METERS (45.2)
KAUFMANN (45. 4)
SPENCE, S. Africa (45.6)
1,600-METER RELAY (3:03.9)
BRITISH WEST INDIES (3rd)
800 METERS (1:45.7)
KERR, BWI (1:46.4)
800 meters: George Kerr is a paramount half miler. He has speed, strength and tactical sense. Murphy and Siebert finish powerfully but they may be too far behind to kick in.
1,500 METERS (3:36.0)
DELANY, Ireland (3:40.5)
1,500 meters: Elliott's the best, running from in front or kicking from behind. Burleson is too young to stand the pace. Rozsavolgyi of Hungary and Valentin, the strong, fast German, are best fitted to battle Elliott.
5,000 METERS (13:35.0)
F. JANKE (13:42.4)
ZIMNY, Poland (13:44.4)
5,000 meters: Halberg is a complete athlete, from 1,500 meters up. His pace, kick should kill off opponents. America's Beatty might, conceivably, outrun him in the stretch.
10,000 METERS (28:30.4)
HALBERG, N. Zealand (28:48.0)
10,000 meters: Halberg may double in this race and the 5,000, win both, as Kuts did at Melbourne. Lawrence of Australia is strong, used to heat, a factor in Rome.
KRZYSKOWIAK, Poland (8:31.4)
Steeplechase: Toughest of all races, murderously exhausting. Krzyskowiak sets tremendous pace, can hold it. Russians are close, U.S. entry unable to run so fast so far.
110-METER HURDLES (13.2)
YANG, Nat. China (13.9)
Hurdles: Germany's Lauer has best time, but probably cannot match Calhoun technique, May and Jones speed. Lauer, like Hary, needs a break from starter, may not get it. At 400 meters Potgieter combines form and speed, but not as well as Davis. Howard is strong, Cushman faster.
400-METER HURDLES (49.2)
G. DAVIS (49.2)
POTGIETER, S. Africa (49.0)
HIGH JUMP (7 feet 3¾ inches)
PETTERSSON, Sweden (6-11‚⅛)
High jump: Only question is second place. Thomas is incomparably the best, but Russians may break into top three if Dumas is not at peak or Faust not inspired.
BROAD JUMP (26 feet 8¼ inches)
VISSER, Netherlands (26-2)
Broad jump: Boston is a good bet to break oldest of all world records. Watson, young and eager, should whip Ter-Ovanesyan, best of Russian entries, and Roberson might.
POLE VAULT (15 feet 9¼ inches)
Pole vault: Take Tarzan of the Apes—Don Bragg. He's the biggest and best, and Ron Morris, much smaller, is next best. Russia could be third, with U.S.'s Dave Clark, fourth.
HOP, STEP & JUMP (55 feet 10½ inches)
I. DAVIS (53-4¼)
DA SILVA, Brazil (54-4)
Goryayev has improved rapidly. So has Schmidt, his most dangerous rival, who broke the world record on Aug. 5. Ira a Davis may win a point or two and so will 32 year old Da Silva if he can reach Melbourne peak.
SHOTPUT (65 feet 7 inches)
ROWE, Great Britain (62-1)
Shotput: U.S. with Dallas Long, Parry O'Brien, Dave Davis I should sweep first three places. Europeans have not improved enough.
DISCUS (196 feet 6½ inches)
PIATKOWSKI, Poland (196-6½)
Discus: Oerter or Babka could set world record, will very 1 likely place one-two ahead of Poland's Piatkowski.
HAMMER THROW (225 feet 4 inches)
ZSIVOTZKY, Hungary (223-9½)
Hammer throw: Connolly has been consistent winner but 1 he may be surprised by Al Hall. Russians look good for third, fourth.
JAVELIN (283 feet 8 inches)
SIDLO, Poland (280-8½)
Javelin: Alley's and Cantello's long throws were made with non-Olympic javelins. Sidlo's 280 plus was regulation.
YANG, Nat. China (8,426)
Decathlon: One name suffices Rafer Johnson. The new world record holder is in a class by himself, and the competition should be between Kuznetsov, Yang and Edstrom—for second.
MARATHON (no record)
Marathon: U.S. finally admitted best competitor, John Kelley, but against the distance-loving foreigners he has little chance for first place This event is wide open, should be won by Russia or Great Britain.
20-KM. WALK (1:25:57.2)
MATTHEWS, Great Britain (1:26:05.2)
50-KM WALK (41:11:18.6)
READ, New Zealand (4:21:23.0)
The walks: This odd, Mae West-wiggly event is interesting to Europeans, couldn't mean less to Americans. So the Russians will, as usual, blanket the finish, with the U.S. entry far behind, tired and happy for the free trip to Rome.
FREDRICKSON, S.Africa (11.5)
Women: Led by Betty Cuthbert, triple gold medalist, the Australian sprinters won all of the foot races at Melbourne in 1956. Other women have run faster times this season, but Cuthbert, who has met and defeated Russia's Itkina, JS more consistent than the U.S.'s talented Wilma Rudolph. In the relay, the U.S.'s Tennessee State girls, who pass the baton smoothly, should push the Aussies to a world record with the Germans close behind.
200 METERS (22.9)
LEONE, Italy (24.0)
400-METER RELAY (44.5)
800 METERS (2:04.3)
GRESECU, Rumania (2:08.6)
Only the Germans have a chance to upset the well-conditioned and experienced Russian women in the 800-meter, which is being run for the first time since 1928.
80-METER HURDLES (10.5)
STAMEJCIC, Yugoslavia (10.9)
Australia's hurdler. Norma Thrower, has a chance to finish next to Germany's Birkemeyer. but will have to beat two fast-stepping Russians to win a silver medal.
HIGH JUMP (6 feet 1¼ inches)
BALAS, Rumania (6-1¼)
Rumania's high jumper. Jolanda Balas is as far ahead of her rivals as John Thomas is ahead of his. Claus broke the broad jump world record on August 7th but Krzesinska is steadier. Russian women should win gold or silver medals in all other events, particularly in the field where opposition is only spotty.
BROAD JUMP (21 feet 0 inches)
KRZESINSKA, Poland (20-10)
SHOTPUT (57 feet 1¾ inches)
T. PRESS (57-1¾)
SLOPER, N. Zealand (54-7)
DISCUS (187 feet 1½ inches)
T. PRESS (184-9)
NEMKOVA, Czechoslovakia (177-10¼)
JAVELIN (195 feet 2½ inches)
PESCOVA, Czechoslovakia (184-5)
SWIMMING (world record)
100-METER FREESTYLE (54.6)
DOBAY, Hungary (56.1)
Freestyle: The U.S. was set to regain a gold medal in the 100 until untimely appendectomy eliminated Jeff Farrell. But Larson poses a definite challenge to Henricks and Devitt, who-: were one-two in 1956. Distances go to Konrads and his world J record rival, Yarnanaka, although U.S.'s Somers is coming ' fast in the 400.
400-METER FREESTYLE (4:15.9)
NIKITIN U.S.S.R. (4:30.1)
1,500-METER FREESTYLE (17:11.0)
KATONA, Hungary (17:55.2)
200-METER BREASTSTROKE (2:36.5)
PROKOLENKO, U.S.S.R. (2:38.0)
Other strokes: In the breaststroke six men could finish within the space of a fingernail. A European is the likeliest winner since August is normally an off season for the Aussies. Mike Troy and Bob Bennett, relative newcomers, are young and 1 tough enough to win the butterfly and backstrokes for the U.S., , but Bennett must outstroke a strong, smart field of veterans.
200-METER BUTTERFLY (2:13.2)
BLACK, Great Britain (2:17.8)
100-METER BACKSTROKE (1:01.5)
CRISTOPHE, France (1:02.2)
800-METER FREESTYLE RELAY
Relays: U.S. is headed for a world record in the medley, also rates a slight edge in the freestyle. Australia's winter training has not brought hoped-for progress.
400-METER MEDLEY RELAY
COLLIN, Great Britain
Diving: No diving coaches in the world match the Americans, i Mexico's Al Gaxiola, who attended the U. of Michigan, wort the 1959 Pan Ams, but Webster and Tobian are ready now. No one in the world threatens Sam Hall on the springboard. **
10-METER PLATFORM DIVE
100-METER FREESTYLE (60.2)
VON SALTZA (61.3)
MADARASZ, Hungary (62.5)
Freestyle: American women have had best coaching in world 1 during last year and Chris von Saltza, who continues to I improve, is steadily overtaking Fraser and Konrads, who have leveled off. She lacks Fraser's flexibility in 100 but has * power to become first American woman to win 400 since 1948.
400-METER FREESTYLE (4:44.5)
VON SALTZA (4:44.5)
SEGERSTROM, Sweden (4:57.6)
200-METER BREASTROKE (2:50.2)
DEN HAAN (2:51.3)
LONSBROUGH, Great Britain (2:50.3)
Other strokes: As with the men, the breaststroke crown | goes to Europe, although Warner is improving faster than j her rivals. Burke is a combination of power, smoothness and control, is likely to cut a full second from her new j world record. Burke and Wood can score two most decisive l wins in Olympics.
100-METER BUTTERFLY (1:09.1)
WATT, Great Britain (1:12.3)
100-METER BACKSTROKE (1:09.2)
VAN VELSEN (1:10:9)
STEWARD, Great Britain (1:11.2)
400-METER FREESTYLE RELAY
Relays: A solid margin in butterfly and backstroke, plus nearly equal talent in breaststroke and freestyle, make U.S. a strong favorite in medley. But no one has Australia's freestyle depth.
400-METER MEDLEY RELAY
Diving: Unfortunately for the U.S., only two entries are allowed per event. The platform is America's, while only outside threat at three meters is Los Angeles-trained Irene MacDonald of Canada.
10-METER PLATFORM DIVE
AUSTIN, Great Britain
Basketball: The U.S. squad led by Robertson and West is the finest amateur basketball team ever assembled—anywhere—any time in the world. Against smaller teams the margin of victory should be positively embarrassing. The Russians are as tall and getting faster on their feet and are determined to win, but they will be lucky to come within 30 points of the U.S. Brazil has slight edge over a surprisingly tall, but still green, Puerto Rican team.
Boxing: Russia and Poland have the more experienced boxers, but Germany is coming up fast and Rumania's team is loaded with scrappy young men. Competition should be closest in the light heavyweight division. Teen-age Cassius Clay, who has been called another Patterson, wa.s the only American to score a knockout in the Olympic trials. The chances are he will have more trouble against the Europeans, some of whom have had as many as 200 fights.
THOMAS, Great Britain
Canoeing: Hungary's traditional strength in kayaks and canoes assures every member of a medal. Rumania is a water-minded nation, and it will win in the canoe events. The physically powerful Russian women should easily sweep the kayak events. Russia.';, men have not improved, but His Germans have arid : should pass them.
Cycling: French and Italian cyclists are the best in the world, but this year, alas, the best of the French have already turned pro, leaving the field to the Roman hosts. Belgians and Germans will probably be obstreperous guests, and Aussies have been known to be brash.
1,000-M. SPRINT, IND.
1,000-M. IND. T.T.
VAN DEN BERGHEN, Belgium
Equestrian: Germany. Sweden, Italy and England dominated the Stockholm Olympics and should again. However, the U.S., which placed high in recent European competitions, has its strongest jumping team. The Russians, never before a menace, are now to be reckoned with in both show jumping and the Grand Prix dressage. In the latter event, however, Trish Galvin should become the first US. dressage medal winner since 1932. TVie Canadians (gold medal winners in me Pan American Games) and the Australians could be the outsiders to break the Swedish, British and German domination in the three-day event, and the US.'s Michael Page on The Grasshopper is a strong contender. But, as any $2 bettor knows, horses-even Olympic horses—are unreliable at best
CANADA (2nd), SWEDEN
PRIZE OF NATIONS
GRAND PRIX IND.
FILATOV, U.S.S.R., ST. CYR, Sweden
Fencing: The graceful style of men's e"p6e and foil fencing as exhibited by traditional fencing powers, Italy and France, has been gradually giving way to the more powerfully aggressive tactics of the Russians and Poles. While Hungary's depth of sabre talent should assure it the team gold medal, individual stars Karpati and Gerevich will find Poland's Pawlowski a formidable foe. Among the women, Sheen, the defending champion, will have a harder time with talented newcomer Ragno.
HOSKYNS, Great Britain
SHEEN, Great Britain
Gymnastics: Here's where Russia can pile up 12 gold medals and offset the U.S.'s margin i/i track and field. Among the men, only Japan has the experience and talent to stop the Russians. Hundredths of a point separate Japan's Melbourne veterans Takemoto and Ono from the Russian trio of Azarian, Shakhlin and Titov. Russian women will have it harder against the eastern Europeans, who have learned well the point-gaining ballet movements.
LONG HORSE VAULT
Field hockey: Evenly matched India and Pakistan play the classical game of tight paiss patterns, which they execute with bewildering speed and accuracy. With just a little luck Pakistan could break India's stranglehold on the sport. Germany plays a long-driving game combined; with a rough defense that has broken more than one opposing player's leg, but if Great Britain's first string can stay on its feet it may take the bronze medal.
Modern pentathlon: Traditionally, the Swedes win the mod-ern pentathlon, but although their two-time Olympic gold medal winner, Lars Hall, has come back to try for a third, the Russians and Hungarians now are the ones to watch. Three-time World Champion Igor Novikov, a Russian schoolteacher, is one reason. And he is being pushed closely at home by young Estonian Hanno Selg, a crack shot and fast runner. Hungary's Ferenc Nemeth was the new sensation at this year's spring pentathlon in Rome, and his teammate, Andreas Balczo, was a close second to Novikov in the 1959 world championships. The spunky Finns are always tough competitors, and the U.S., although it probably won't win any of the individual events (except possibly riding) has a well-balanced team which should rate high.
Rowing: For the first time in 40 years the U.S. may lose its gold medal in eight oars. Navy will have to pull hard to beat the German crew that has broken all European records by using shorter, spoonlike oars and "interval" training. Fast Australian and Italian crews are also tough. In smaller boats, the U.S. is strong, but German and European teams are stronger. Stuart MacKenzie, the world's best sculler, and U.S. doubles entry of Jack Kelly and Bill Knecht must beat superb Russian rowers.
Shooting: Russia's sharpshooters. Bogdanovand Borisov,who have dominated international events for four years, should easily wrap up most titles for U.S.S.R., but U.S.'s Daniel Puckel has a remarkable eye and should be individual star. The U.S. has its strongest team since 1948. Finland and Rumania are close behind.
CLAY PIGEON FREE PISTOL
3 POSITION SMALL BORE
Soccer: Russia's first-string soccer players were declared ineligible for amateur play. Her substitutes failed to qualify among the 16 Rome f nalists, and that leaves the gold meda' pretty much to Yugoslavia, which has finished second to Rus sia in the last three Olympics. Surprising Denmark, however, might be a spoiler.
Water polo: There is really very little difference between the big four, all exponents of the open style of play with its emphasis on offense. Hungary has depth of talent. Yugoslavia has played together the longest, Russia has tremendous swimming stamina and the Rumanians spirit. The U.S. continues to improve and might finish third if it has luck in the draw for the preliminary rounds.
Weight lifting: Until two years ago a handful of hard-working American boys, who had won four of the seven gold medals at Melbourne, maintained an edge over the Russians. Only Kono appears a solid choice today. Vinci is steady and Berger has a good chance, but the lack of interest in the U.S. has taken its toll.
MARTIN, Great Britain
Wrestling: U.S. colleges don't use the international style, where the instantaneous touch rule applies, making this Olympic team weaker than it should be. In the freestyle events the Russians are physically very strong, the Japanese agile in squirming out of pin positions and the Turks and Iranians fast and merciless in their attack. The emphasis is on pure strength in Greco-Roman style, which also has instantaneous touch rule but prohibits use of legs and hold's below the belt. With nimbleness and versatility secondary, Japan and Iran fade as threats. Tough, strong and experienced, Russians, Swedes, Finns and Turks know the value of intensive weight-lifting discipline, will dominate matches.
This is the finest U.S. Olympic yachting team, but American sailors are stiJI not up to the Scandinavians and Europeans, who have two advantages: beautifully designed boats and a steady diet of competition. Peter Barrett in a Finn, and George O'Day in Ray Hunt's 5.5-meter "Minotaur" are best U.S. bets with traditionally strong Stars weaker than in past. After 22 years of sailing, Bill Parks still hasn't beaten Bahama's Dur-ward Knowles or Italy's Agostino Straulino.
1960's PROBABLE WINNERS
BRITISH WEST INDIES
UNITED ARAB REPUBLIC
DUTCH WEST INDIES
G—gold; S—sliver; B—bronze