Mark J. Terrill/AP

He may have just turned 24, but Mike Trout is already putting up the kind of numbers that have him alongside Hall of Famers and some of baseball's all-time legends.

By Jay Jaffe
August 07, 2015

Friday marks Mike Trout's 24th birthday, and while it’s a tall order to expect the Angels' slugger to stop by for a slice of cake, it’s nonetheless a good time to stop and appreciate his outstanding season and provide some perspective on his remarkable career to date. Simply put, he continues to maintain a pace that puts him in the pantheon of all-time greats.

Even with a 1-for-20 start to August, the Millville Meteor is amid another great season, thanks in part to the fact that he's coming off the hottest calendar month of his career. He hit a sizzling .367/.462/.861 in July, setting career highs in OPS (1.343) and homers (12). Thanks to that surge (and in spite of the subsequent swoon), he's hitting .303/.394/.631 this year, with his slugging percentage, 183 OPS+, 32 homers and 6.7 Wins Above Replacement all league bests. As Cliff Corcoran wrote in this week's Awards Watch, Trout's torrid July has restored his position as the front-runner for a second straight AL MVP award. If not for the voters' attachment to Miguel Cabrera's Triple Crown stats in 2012 and '13, Trout might be on his way to a fourth straight award.

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As it is, if Trout brings home this year’s MVP award, he’ll supplant Hal Newhouser as the youngest two-time winner. Newhouser, the ace of the Tigers circa World War II, was 24 years, four months and 10 days old on the final day of the 1945 regular season, his second of back-to-back MVP-winning years. Trout will be 24 years, one month and 27 days old at the end of this season.

Via ESPN, Trout is tied for fourth in home runs before his 24th birthday:

player

hr before 24

career

Eddie Mathews

153

512

Mel Ott

153

511

Ken Griffey Jr.

132

630

Frank Robinson

130

586

Mike Trout

130

130

Alex Rodriguez

128

678

Thanks to his early start, Trout has quite a jump on most of the players in the upper reaches of the all-time home run list, trailing only Griffey and tied with Robinson through age 23:

player

hr before 24

career

Barry Bonds

59

762

Hank Aaron

110

755

Babe Ruth

20

714

Alex Rodriguez

128

678

Willie Mays

68

660

Ken Griffey Jr.

132

630

Jim Thome

30

612

Sammy Sosa

37

609

Frank Robinson

130

586

Mark McGwire

52

583

Thanks to his propensity for drawing walks, Trout's total of 689 hits before his 24th birthday isn't quite as impressive in overall standing—he's 270 behind the leader at that stage, Ty Cobb—but he's ahead of the pace of eight of the top 10 hit collectors of all time, including the Hit King, Pete Rose:

player

hits before 24

career

Pete Rose

311

4,256

Ty Cobb

959

4,189

Hank Aaron

718

3,771

Stan Musial

584

3,630

Tris Speaker

547

3,514

Derek Jeter

466

3,465

Cap Anson

423

3,435

Honus Wagner

81

3,420

Carl Yastrzemski

493

3,419

Paul Molitor

423

3,319

As noted before, Trout currently leads the AL in WAR, something he's already done three straight times. If he were to hold onto that lead, he would join some elite company. Via Baseball-Reference:

player

consecutive

years

Honus Wagner

8

1902–09 (NL)

Rogers Hornsby

6

1917–22 (NL)

Babe Ruth

6

1926–31 (AL)

Albert Pujols

6

2005–10 (NL)

Mickey Mantle

5

1955–59 (AL)

Willie Mays

5

1962–66 (NL)

Barry Bonds

4

1990–93 (NL)

Barry Bonds

4

2001–04 (NL)

Hughie Jennings

4

1895–98 (NL)

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In parts of five seasons, Trout has compiled 35.2 WAR for his career. That's already higher than the seven-year peak scores of four Hall of Fame centerfielders: Hugh Duffy (30.8), Edd Roush (31.5), Max Carey (32.9) and Earle Combs (34.3). With one-third of a season left to play, he's a cinch to pass Hack Wilson (35.8) soon, and could even catch Earl Averill (37.3) and Kirby Puckett (37.5) before the season is out as well. Once he catches Averill, it will mean that his JAWS (the average of his career and seven-year peak WAR, for Hall of Fame comparative purposes) will already be superior to that of the two lowest-ranked enshrined centerfielders, Duffy (43.0/30.8/36.9) and Wilson (38.8/35.8/37.3). That in itself isn't a good argument to enshrine Trout, but by the time he reaches the 10-year minimum—which he'll do with his 2020 season debut, since one game is enough to count as a season by Hall requirements—they may have already started engraving his plaque in Cooperstown.

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In terms of age-based comparisons, since the B-Ref Play Index doesn't allow us to calculate WAR through a given date, we're left with the conventional "through age X season" using the player's age through June 30 of that year. Trout, who is playing 2015 as his age-23 season, is very close to taking over the lead:

player

years

war through 23

Ty Cobb

1905–10

36.0

Mike Trout

2011–15

34.8

Ted Williams

1939–42

34.2

Mel Ott

1926–32

31.4

Ken Griffey Jr.

1989–93

30.1

Mickey Mantle

1951–55

29.7

Alex Rodriguez

1994–99

27.7

Al Kaline

1953–58

27.5

Arky Vaughan

1932–35

26.7

Rogers Hornsby

1915–19

26.5

By now, Trout already owns or shares a few of these marks, but even assuming he claims another one, he's going to have to work hard to keep up with the Georgia Peach over the next decade:

age

player

war

trout needs

19

Bryce Harper

5.1

 

20

Mike Trout/Mel Ott

11.4

 

21

Mike Trout

20.3

 

22

Mike Trout

28.2

 

23

Ty Cobb

36.0

0.8

24

Ty Cobb

46.7

11.5

25

Ty Cobb

55.8

20.6

26

Ty Cobb

63.2

28.0

27

Ty Cobb

68.8

33.6

28

Ty Cobb

78.3

43.1

29

Ty Cobb

86.3

51.1

30

Ty Cobb

97.6

62.4

31

Ty Cobb

104.2

69.0

32

Ty Cobb

109.7

74.5

33

Rogers Hornsby

119.6

84.4

At his current pace, Trout will add another 3.4 WAR to finish the season at 10.1. That’s not enough for a career high (his 10.8 from 2012 is), but that would still be good enough to be the 19th double-digit season of the post-1960 Expansion Era, and place him in the company of Bonds, Mays, Yastrzemski and Cal Ripken as the only players with multiple seasons of at least 10 WAR in that span. Bonds had three such seasons and Mays six overall (four after '60); Mantle had three, but just one after '60.

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Back to the table above: Getting to 10.1 WAR for the year would run Trout’s career total to 38.6. With that, he'd still need an 8.1 WAR season in 2016 to stay even with Cobb through age 24, 17.2 in '16 and '17 combined, and so on. To catch up with Hornsby, he would need to maintain this year's pace and then average 8.1 WAR per year over the next decade. No sweat, right?

I’m not going to bet against it.

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