THE CAMDEN EFFECT: A close look at 25 years of new ballparks
The past 25 years have been a boom period for new baseball venues. Starting with Oriole Park at Camden Yards in 1992, major league teams have opened 21 new ballparks, with another joining the list this season, when the Atlanta Braves start playing at SunTrust Park.
Although many of these parks were built in the same style as Camden Yards, all have their own quirks and attractions that make them unique. Here's a timeline of every new ballpark that has opened since 1992. In cases where the name of a park has changed, the current name is used:
ORIOLE PARK AT CAMDEN YARDS (Baltimore Orioles)
First Season: 1992
What Stands Out: The B&O Warehouse looms behind right field as an inviting-but-distant target for power hitters. In front of the warehouse, fans can enjoy a walk along Eutaw Street, where a plaque marks the spot where Ken Griffey Jr. hit the warehouse during the All-Star home run contest in 1993.
Memorable Moment: Sept. 6, 1995. Anticipation had been building all season for the moment when Cal Ripken would break Lou Gehrig's record by playing in his 2,131st consecutive game. When the night finally arrived, Ripken took a victory lap around the field during an ovation that lasted over 20 minutes.
PROGRESSIVE FIELD (Cleveland Indians)
First Season: 1994
What Stands Out: The signature toothbrush-shaped light towers give the ballpark, which has undergone a major renovation in recent years, a distinctive look. Beyond center field, fans enter on a plaza where statues of Bob Feller, Larry Doby and Jim Thome stand.
Memorable Moment: Nov. 2, 2016. In one of the sport's greatest Game 7s, the Chicago Cubs won their first World Series title since 1908, beating Cleveland 8-7 in 10 innings. Rajai Davis tied the game for the hosts with a two-run homer in the eighth inning off rocket-armed Cubs closer Aroldis Chapman, but the Indians' own championship drought grew to 68 years.
GLOBE LIFE PARK IN ARLINGTON (Texas Rangers)
First Season: 1994
What Stands Out: There's a four-story office building in center field, and the double-deck, covered home run porch in right field is similar to old Tiger Stadium in Detroit. The brick facade and arches on the outside of the ballpark resemble Ebbets Field.
Memorable Moment: July 28, 1994. Kenny Rogers threw a perfect game for Texas against the Angels, helped by rookie center fielder Rusty Greer's spectacular diving catch in the ninth inning.
COORS FIELD (Colorado Rockies)
First Season: 1995
What Stands Out: The scenery - with the mountains as a backdrop and pine trees beyond center field - makes downtown Denver's stadium a gem no matter the product on the field, especially on breezy summer nights.
Memorable Moment: Oct. 1, 2007. In a one-game playoff for the NL wild card, the Rockies beat the San Diego Padres 9-8 in 13 innings on a close play at home plate that capped a three-run rally. Matt Holliday tagged up on Jamey Carroll's line drive to right fielder Brian Giles and raced home, sliding headfirst. Home plate umpire Tim McClelland ruled him safe even though replays showed Holliday never touched the plate. It was all part of Colorado's 21-1 tear that culminated in a World Series berth in what became affectionately known as ''Rocktober.''
TURNER FIELD (Atlanta Braves)
First Season: 1997
What Stands Out: The stadium was built to hold the opening and closing ceremonies and track and field events in the 1996 Olympics. The facility was then downsized to become the new home of the Braves, and now that the Braves have left, it's being converted to be Georgia State's football stadium.
Memorable Moment: Oct. 5, 2012. In baseball's first wild-card game, normally laid-back Braves fans covered the field with trash following a controversial infield fly call. The Braves lost to St. Louis 6-3, ending Chipper Jones' career.
CHASE FIELD (Arizona Diamondbacks)
First Season: 1998
What Stands Out: The park's defining feature is a swimming pool beyond the fence in the outfield, where the Dodgers once drew the ire of the Diamondbacks' brass by celebrating after clinching the NL West.
Memorable Moment: Nov. 4, 2001. Luis Gonzalez's bloop single off Mariano Rivera in the ninth inning gave Arizona a victory over the New York Yankees in Game 7 of the World Series. The Diamondbacks scored twice in the ninth to deny the Yankees a fourth straight World Series title.
SAFECO FIELD (Seattle Mariners)
First Season: 1999
What Stands Out: The retractable roof that makes sure there are no rainouts in soggy Seattle is impressive, but topping that are the vistas around the park. A seat on the upper deck on the first-base line provides a spectacular view of the Seattle skyline, and seats in various parts of the outfield can offer glimpses of mesmerizing sunsets over Elliott Bay during the summer.
Memorable Moment: Aug. 15, 2012. Felix Hernandez threw the first perfect game in franchise history on a sun-splashed Wednesday afternoon. The Mariners had excellent teams during the ballpark's early years - which included a 116-win season in 2001 - but for sheer individual brilliance, nothing has topped Hernandez's big day.
MINUTE MAID PARK (Houston Astros)
First Season: 2000
What Stands Out: Every time the Astros homer, a 19th century replica locomotive, pulling a coal car, and weighing close to 50,000 pounds, travels down nearly 800 feet of track that runs along the top of the low roof wall beyond left-field stands.
Memorable Moment: Oct. 9, 2005. The Astros beat Atlanta 7-6 in 18 innings to win the NL Division Series in four games. Chris Burke won it for Houston with a home run, finally ending the 5-hour, 50-minute struggle.
COMERICA PARK (Detroit Tigers)
First Season: 2000
What Stands Out: When the Pistons and Red Wings move into their new arena next season, all four major pro teams in Detroit will play within a few blocks from each other. Comerica is right in the middle of that downtown area, across the street from Ford Field, home of the Lions.
Memorable Moment: June 2, 2010. Armando Galarraga was one out from a perfect game when umpire Jim Joyce missed a call at first base, breaking up the Detroit right-hander's bid. Joyce apologized to Galarraga afterward, and the two eventually co-authored a book about the game.
AT&T PARK (San Francisco Giants)
First Season: 2000
What Stands Out: Kayaks and other boats wait in McCovey Cove for home runs to splash nearby. Among the ballpark's other features are an edible garden and the Coke bottle slide.
Memorable Moment: Aug. 7, 2007. Barry Bonds became the career major league leader in home runs with No. 756, capping a sensational 15-year run with the Giants. San Francisco later won World Series titles in 2010, 2012 and 2014 - but each time, the clincher was on the road.
MILLER PARK (Milwaukee Brewers)
First Season: 2001
What Stands Out: Mascot Bernie Brewer takes a trip down a giant, yellow slide after every home run. And forget football: Try tailgating before the Brewers play. The smell of grilled bratwursts fills the parking lots.
Memorable Moment: July 9, 2002. The All-Star game in then-Commissioner Bud Selig's hometown ended in an infamous 7-7 tie when both teams ran out of pitchers in extra innings. Rosters expanded to 32 players the following year, when the game began counting for home-field advantage in the World Series. That rule lasted until this past offseason.
PNC PARK (Pittsburgh Pirates)
First Season: 2001
What Stands Out: The sweeping view of the city skyline is a sight to behold, and for most of the park's first 12 years, that vista was far more picturesque than what was happening on the field below.
Memorable Moment: Oct. 1, 2013. Pittsburgh's first playoff game in 21 years was a three-hour catharsis for the sea of black-clad fans who had been waiting for a winner. Russell Martin hit a pair of home runs in a 6-2 victory over Cincinnati in the NL wild-card game, and the frenzied crowd taunted Reds pitcher Johnny Cueto.
GREAT AMERICAN BALL PARK (Cincinnati Reds)
First Season: 2003
What Stands Out: The ballpark's numerous tributes to famous Reds players. Fans enter through a main gate featuring statues of great Reds - one of Pete Rose will join them this summer.
Memorable Moment: July 13, 2015. Reds third baseman Todd Frazier won the home run derby on his final swing, the highlight of Cincinnati's first All-Star game since 1988.
PETCO PARK (San Diego Padres)
First Season: 2004
What Stands Out: The Western Metal Supply Co. brick warehouse in the left-field corner. Built in the early 1900s, the four-story building was saved as a relic of the once rough-and-tumble downtown neighborhood. It now houses the team store and provides three levels of suites plus rooftop seating.
Memorable Moment: Nov. 11, 2005. During the first concert at the ballpark, Mick Jagger of the Rolling Stones said in between songs: ''I told management you'd be careful with the sacred dirt of Petco Park or else David Wells may never return.'' Sure enough, Wells, a San Diego native who threw the first pitch in Petco Park history on April 8, 2004, returned to the Padres via trade late in the 2006 season. Wells apparently had met members of the band when he was with the New York Yankees.
CITIZENS BANK PARK (Philadelphia Phillies)
First Season: 2004
What Stands Out: The park has its own version of the Liberty Bell. It hangs beyond the outfield and rings when a Philadelphia player homers.
Memorable Moment: Oct. 27 and 29, 2004. In one of the wackier championship clinchers of all time, the Phillies beat the Tampa Bay Rays 4-3 in Game 5 of the World Series. The game was suspended because of rain on a Monday night, then resumed on a Wednesday with the score tied in the bottom of the sixth. Philadelphia finally won the game and the series, with closer Brad Lidge striking out Eric Hinske to end it.
BUSCH STADIUM (St. Louis Cardinals)
First Season: 2006
What Stands Out: The ballpark's predecessor with the same name was enclosed in the outfield. The newer version is more open, and the Gateway Arch looms in the distance.
Memorable Moment: Oct. 27, 2011. In one of the most remarkable individual performances in World Series history, David Freese of the Cardinals hit a tying triple in the ninth inning and a game-winning homer in the 11th to force a seventh game against the Texas Rangers. After winning 10-9 in Game 6, St. Louis went on to take the finale as well.
NATIONALS PARK (Washington Nationals)
First Season: 2008
What Stands Out: The U.S. Capitol building is visible beyond left field from certain seats in the upper levels behind home plate.
Memorable Moment: June 8, 2010. Stephen Strasburg's major league debut somehow lived up to - or, indeed, surpassed - the accompanying hype, as the right-hander who had been the No. 1 overall pick in the previous year's amateur draft struck out 14 batters and walked none over seven innings to lead Washington to a 5-2 victory over the Pittsburgh Pirates.
CITI FIELD (New York Mets)
First Season: 2009
What Stands Out: Food, glorious food. Popular among visitors for its savory concessions and eateries, including the famous burgers at Shake Shack, charming Citi Field also features the Home Run Apple, which rises just beyond the center-field wall when someone from the Mets goes deep. The original version from Shea Stadium sits on the plaza outside the ballpark. Many fans enter through the stately Jackie Robinson Rotunda, designed to echo old Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.
Memorable Moment: June 1, 2012. Johan Santana threw a career-high 134 pitches against St. Louis to finish the only no-hitter in Mets history. Citi Field was also the venue for Mariano Rivera's final All-Star appearance the following year.
YANKEE STADIUM (New York Yankees)
First Season: 2009
What Stands Out: The Yankees are nothing if not traditional, and the new version of Yankee Stadium looks a good deal like the old one before the 1974-76 renovation. It's just a lot more posh, with clubs, bars and restaurants, and a home clubhouse that stretches from the plate to the right-field wall. A 31,000-square foot Great Hall is lined with giant banners of Yankees greats.
Memorable Moment: Sept. 25, 2014. Derek Jeter's final home game ended in storybook fashion, with the New York star driving in the winning run in the ninth inning with an opposite-field single.
TARGET FIELD (Minnesota Twins)
First Season: 2010
What Stands Out: Built on an 8-acre site that's the smallest footprint in the major leagues, the modern-style, 39,000-seat venue encased in natural Minnesota limestone is accentuated by large glass panels and a futuristic-looking canopy covering several rows in the top deck. The team's original 1960s-era logo stands 46 feet high behind center field, featuring cartoon characters Minnie & Paul shaking hands across the Mississippi River to represent twin cities Minneapolis and St. Paul.
Memorable Moment: July 15, 2014. Twins closer Glen Perkins pitched a perfect ninth inning for the save in the American League's 5-3 victory over the National League in the All-Star game. Perkins, a lifelong Minnesotan, had Twins teammate Kurt Suzuki catching for him behind the plate, with the hometown fans on their feet.
MARLINS PARK (Miami Marlins)
First Season: 2012
What Stands Out: The colorful, animated pop-art home run sculpture stands 75 feet high beyond left-center field. It draws mixed reviews from opponents, but everyone agrees it's one of a kind.
Memorable Moment: Sept. 26, 2016. In the Marlins' first game following the death of ace Jose Fernandez and two others in a boat crash, Dee Gordon hit an improbable homer leading off the first inning, and tears mixed with cheers as Miami beat the Mets 7-3. Paying tribute to the charismatic Fernandez, the left-handed hitting Gordon stepped to the plate as a righty in the first. After one pitch, Gordon switched to his customary left side and pulled a 2-0 delivery from Bartolo Colon into the upper deck for his only homer of the season.
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