As that trio figured in France's ill-fated World Cup campaign this summer, hopes are high that the current crop of youngsters, known as the "1991 generation," after the year of their birth, will go onto great things. Below is a list of the most promising French youngsters under 21, all of whom face important challenges in the coming season.
1. Yann M'Vila (Midfielder, Rennes, 20)
Maybe Raymond Domenech knew something we didn't, after all. The disgraced former France coach pulled his trademark surprise in picking M'Vila on his 30-man World Cup long-list, but the young midfielder did not make the final cut for South Africa. As M'Vila recently admitted, it was a blessing in disguise: he made his debut in Laurent Blanc's first game as France coach last week against Norway and was Les Bleus' best player.
M'Vila played as a sweeper at the base of a diamond midfield four in the first half, dropping back to allow Philippe Mexes to bring the ball out of defense, and switching the play quickly whenever he won possession. "He shows amazing maturity for such a young player in an important position," said World Cup winner-turned-pundit Bixente Lizarazu. Given that Lass Diarra was disappointing in his second-half appearance alongside M'Vila in a 4-2-3-1, the Rennes youngster looks certain to be part of France's Euro 2012 qualifying campaign.
2. Gael Kakuta (Winger, Chelsea, 19)
Kakuta came to prominence for the wrong reasons, when FIFA found Chelsea guilty of inducing him to break his contract with French club Lens in 2007, when he was 16. Chelsea won their appeal against a transfer embargo and Kakuta's cameo appearances for the club last season suggested their efforts were worthwhile. A tricky winger with an eye for goal, Kakuta was also central to France Under-19s European Championships success last month, with two goals and an assist on the winning goal in the final against Spain. He was named Player of the Tournament.
"He is like Ronaldinho in the way he can take out three players with one dribble, and he has an eye for goal," said Under-19 coach Francis Smerecki. While at Chelsea, they are just as impressed. Coach Carlo Ancelotti, said he had never seen such a talented teenager. John Obi Mikel added: "He is the best at the club it terms of skills; he knows just what to do when he has the ball at his feet."
Kakuta will be part of Chelsea's first-team squad this season and can expect to add to his four appearances for the club. As one Lens-based reporter put it, "All the signs are he has potential to be the next Thierry Henry rather than the next Jeremie Aliadiere."
3. Gueida Fofana (Midfielder, Le Havre, 19)
Fofana captained France's successful Under-19 European champions this summer, going into the tournament on the back of a breakout season at Le Havre in Ligue 2. Reports in France claim that Chelsea, Barcelona and Liverpool are already interested in the defensive midfielder but Le Havre president Jean-Pierre Louvel has said, "We have had no concrete offers."
Fofana joined Le Havre at age 11 and has represented every level of France's youth teams. He can drop back in defense and is a natural leader on the pitch. As one of the best producers of young talent in France, a team of Le Havre graduates would take some beating (Mandanda, N'Zogbia, Diawara, Boumsong, Chimbonda, L Diarra, A Diarra, Dhorasoo, Hoarau, Niang, Sinama-Pongolle). Fofana could earn a place in that elite group soon.
4. Yannis Tafer (Striker, Lyon, 19)
Prolific young striker with Algerian heritage set to become a key player at Lyon: if it sounds familiar, that's because it is. Yannis Tafer has spent his short career being compared to Karim Benzema and insisting he is different. "I am flattered to be spoken of in the same breath as Karim, but we have different profiles. Our story is similar, but we play differently on the pitch."
Tafer, who scored in France's draw against England in its recent European Under-19s triumph, is less explosive and arguably less selfish than the Real Madrid forward, although he is an excellent finisher. His best position is just behind the main forward, like with Lyon teammate Lisandro Lopez.
It is a sign of how much Lyon's management trusted in Tafer for the coming season that they were prepared to sell Bafetimbi Gomis to Fenerbahce for €14m. "We have Lisandro, Jimmy Briand and Tafer, and all of them are fantastic players," said president Jean-Michel Aulas. Tafer scored 5 minutes into his first game of last season, making another eight appearances from the bench. He looks set to add to that tally this season and could become an impact substitute for the title-challengers this campaign.
5. Mamadou Sakho (Defender, Paris Saint-Germain, 20)
Sakho has become a rare bright spot during a difficult period in the history of Paris Saint-Germain (amid board-room turmoil, rioting fans and on-pitch struggles) ,and the promise shown in him when former coach Paul Le Guen made him the club's youngest-ever captain at 17 for a league match against Valenciennes is now bearing fruit.
Now vice-captain, his skipper Claude Makelele has predicted a great career ahead for Sakho, and Blanc sang his praises when he was called into the squad for last week's friendly. "It's rare to see a left-footed center back and there's always a better balance at the back if a left-footer plays alongside a right-footer," said the coach. Sakho did not play in the game, but he will get his chance before too long.
For the second summer running, PSG have denied reports linking him with Arsenal: Sakho has become the emblem of the capital club, and though a better season in Ligue 1 is in store, PSG might not be able to hold onto its prize asset beyond next summer.
6. Antoine Griezmann (Winger, Real Sociedad, 19)
Along with Fofana, Griezmann is the only Under-19 European winner to have secured a regular place in his club side, and he had to move abroad to do that. Signed by Real Sociedad in 2005, the left-winger worked his way through the youth teams and after an outstanding pre-season last summer, was thrown into the first team last season.
His impact was immediate: the Segunda defenders could not deal with his pace and crosses, and he was a key part of the Sociedad side that topped the division and will play in La Liga this season. His progress was almost missed by French scouts, who only gave him his first call-up to the Under-19 side earlier this year. He did enough to keep his place and scored two goals on the way to France's victory.
Just before the tournament, Sociedad made perhaps its smartest move: rejecting interest from Lyon, Auxerre and Saint-Etienne, and agreeing to a five-year contract with Griezmann with a buy-out clause of €30m. The big names in Spanish football will soon find out if that price is right.
7. Emmanuel Riviere (Striker, Saint-Etienne, 20)
The striker was the hero for Saint-Etienne last season after a run of five goals in seven games which lifted Les Verts out of relegation trouble. His winning goal against Boulogne last May secured safety for France's fallen giants, and he is set for a first-team regular spot this season. Spotted by Saint-Etienne playing at a tournament in Martinique aged 14, Riviere turned down Lyon and Paris Saint-Germain because Les Verts was the most popular team on the island. "It has a fantastic record at bringing through young players, and I was promised the chance to show my potential here," he explained.
Frederic Piquionne, the France international and another Martiniquias, took the youngster under his wing in his early days at Saint-Etienne, and Riviere now dreams of emulating his mentor. "Frederic taught me so much and to play for France and in England would be a true dream for me," he said. Unsurprisingly, Arsenal is his favourite English club, but don't expect a move anytime soon: last month Saint-Etienne extended his contract until 2014. "I love this club and can work calmly with a coach, Christophe Galtier, who has shown great faith in me."
8. Henri Saivet (Attacking midfielder, Bordeaux, 19)
Last season, Bordeaux coach Blanc rejected four offers to take Saivet on loan, but he only picked him to start two first-team matches, one of which was the Champions League tie against Maccabi Haifa (he made five other substitute appearances).
This time around, with Bordeaux lacking in funds due to their failure to make the Champions League and having lost Marouane Chamakh to Arsenal, the club has again turned down Valenciennes and Lorient's requests to borrow the rapid forward who has been compared to Henry. Instead, Saivet is set to figure under new coach Jean Tigana, who said: "He has impressed me for some time, he has explosive pace and a bright future in the game."
Born in Senegal, Saivet is a France Under-19 international and could qualify for either nation. At the moment, though, he is only focusing on getting a chance in the Bordeaux team. "I played at right-midfield against Haifa, and I felt comfortable there, I can play anywhere at all," he said. "I just want to stay fit and have a run in the team to show what I can do."
9. Chris Mavinga (Defender, Liverpool, 19)
Mavinga met recently with Liverpool's new coach, Roy Hodgson, to discuss his future at the club and potential opportunities for the coming season after impressing in France's Under-19s European win. The defender may benefit from a loan spell to give him playing time after a season in the Reds reserves where he played at center back and left back.
Rafa Benitez beat Arsenal to his signature last summer from Paris Saint-Germain 14 months ago, and though the teenager was hoping to work alongside Sami Hyypia at Anfield, he has credited Jamie Carragher for helping him settle. He's still waiting for a first-team appearance for the Reds, and though he has spoken about one day returning to PSG, he is desperate to make the breakthrough at Liverpool.
10. Gilles Sunu (Striker, Arsenal, 19)
Every coach likes a player who listens, and it seems that Sunu has been doing just that. After a loan spell at Championship club Derby County last season, in which he scored once in six starts, coach Nigel Clough demanded more of an end-product. "Sunu's pace frightens people, but he has to learn to use it more," he said. "He has to put in a cross or a shot when he gets the chance."
That's exactly what happened this summer, when Sunu coolly chipped home a cross from Tafer to equalize for France Under-19s in its European final win over Spain. Sunu has an excellent scoring record at youth level: last year, he followed up a hat-trick against Wolves in the FA Youth Cup fourth round with goals against Manchester City (semifinal) and Liverpool (final) as Arsenal lifted the trophy. Columnist Steve Claridge, writing in The Guardian, praised Sunu's "dazzling display" and added: "If you provide the service to Sunu, he will provide the finish."
He did make two appearances for Arsenal's first team last season, including one in the Champions League against Olympiakos, but with opportunities limited among Arsenal's strike-force this season, he would make a canny loan signing for someone this season.